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Table 5 Proportion with low active play, high screen time, or both behaviors by race/ethnicity*

From: Active play and screen time in US children aged 4 to 11 years in relation to sociodemographic and weight status characteristics: a nationally representative cross-sectional analysis

  Mexican American non-Hispanic white non-Hispanic black
   Percentage (95% confidence interval)  
Low active play §   Boys  
4 to 11 years overall 36.4% (30.5% – 42.2%) 29.8% (24.9% – 34.7%) 31.5% (25.9% – 37.1%)
4–5 years 36.2% (23.6% – 48.7%) 23.8% (15.3% – 32.4%) 31.0% (18.8% – 43.3%)
6–8 years 37.1% (28.9% – 45.3%) 24.1% (18.5% – 29.6%) 28.2% (22.0% – 34.4%)+b
9–11 years 35.7% (25.8% – 45.6%) 38.8% (27.7% – 49.8%) 34.5% (27.4% – 41.6%)
High screen time
4 to 11 years overall 60.6% (54.5% – 66.7%) 66.3% (61.1% – 71.4%) 78.7% (74.6% – 82.8%)*** ac
4–5 years 50.1% (40.0% – 60.2%) 62.6% (52.8% – 72.4%) 70.0% (61.4% – 77.9%)**c
6–8 years 63.4% (54.9% – 71.9%) 61.5% (54.2% – 68.9%) 76.4% (69.3% – 83.4%)**ac
9–11 years 64.4% (55.9% – 73.0%) 73.0% (64.4% – 81.6%) 85.3% (79.1% – 91.5%)***ac
Both low active play & high screen time
4 to 11 years overall 24.5% (20.2% – 28.9%) 21.8% (17.7% – 25.9%) 27.2% (22.2% – 32.2%)
4–5 years 22.5% (12.7% – 32.3%) 15.3% (6.7% – 23.9%) 26.5% (15.9% – 37.2%)
6–8 years 25.2% (18.2% – 32.3%) 16.6% (11.7% – 21.6%) 23.8% (17.2% – 30.3%)+b
9–11 years 25.1% (17.8% – 32.4%) 30.6% (20.1% – 41.0%) 30.4% (24.1% – 36.7%)
Low active play §   Girls  
4 to 11 years overall 44.0% (37.5% – 50.4%) 42.5% (36.4% – 48.5%) 40.6% (34.8% – 46.4%)
4–5 years 35.9% (26.6% – 45.2%) 34.7% (24.7% – 44.6%) 31.7% (22.4% – 41.0%)
6–8 years 43.6% (29.8% – 44.4%) 37.1% (29.8% – 44.4%) 37.3% (29.7% – 44.9%)
9–11 years 49.9% (39.0% – 60.9%) 52.5% (41.7% – 63.4%) 49.6% (41.9% – 57.3%)
High screen time
4 to 11 years overall 56.9% (51.3% – 62.5%) 60.3% (55.1% – 65.5%) 76.2% (71.6% – 80.7%)*** ac
4–5 years 48.9% (40.5% – 57.3%) 53.7% (43.1% – 64.3%) 71.1% (63.2% – 79.0%)***ac
6–8 years 60.0% (52.2% – 67.3%) 59.3% (50.6% – 67.9%) 79.3% (73.9% – 84.8%)***ac
9–11 years 59.8% (51.3% – 68.2%) 65.8% (58.4% – 73.2%) 75.6% (66.1% – 85.1%)+c
Both low active play & high screen time
4 to 11 years overall 24.7% (20.6% – 28.8%) 27.8% (22.7% – 33.0%) 31.9% (27.9% – 36.0%) +c
4–5 years 18.1% (11.2% – 24.9%) 18.1% (10.6% – 25.7%) 24.0% (17.1% – 30.9%)
6–8 years 26.6% (20.9% – 32.3%) 24.3% (17.4% – 31.1%) 30.9% (23.4% – 38.3%)
9–11 years 27.4% (19.6% – 35.1%) 37.3% (27.3% – 47.3%) 37.8% (30.1% – 45.5%)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared).
  2. *Proportion of boys and girls with low levels of active play, and/or greater than 2 hours per day of screen time by race/ethnicity and age category in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2004. Estimates are weighted to be representative of US children age 4 to 11 years.
  3. † Percentage (95% Confidence Interval) calculated accounting for complex survey design
  4. § low active play defined as reported to play or exercise hard enough to sweat or breathe hard less than 7 times per week.
  5. ‡ high screen time defined as >2 hours per day. Screen time includes time spent watching television or videos, and using computers or computer-games.
  6. + Difference in prevalence by race/ethnicity within gender: Wald Chi-square, p < 0.1.
  7. ** Significant difference in prevalence by race/ethnicity within gender: Wald Chi-square, p < 0.05.
  8. *** Significant difference in prevalence by race/ethnicity within gender: Wald Chi-square, p < 0.01.
  9. Pair-wise comparisons p < 0.05; a = non-Hispanic white different from non-Hispanic black; b = non-Hispanic white different from Mexican American; c = non-Hispanic black different from Mexican American.