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Table 1 Overall and district-specific child mortality rates by sex, socio-economic status, distance to the nearest health facility and bednet density at household level

From: Spatial effects of mosquito bednets on child mortality

Explanatory variables Number of children(%) Child mortality ratea P-value
   Overall Kilombero Ulanga  
Sex      
Female 5669 (50.9) 27.6 29.8 25.0 0.814
Male 5465 (49.1) 24.7 27.1 21.6 0.795
Socio-economic status      
Poorest 2203 (19.8) 31.1 36.5 26.0 0.752
Very poor 2265 (20.3) 26.0 27.5 24.1 0.916
Poor 2281 (20.5) 25.7 29.5 20.6 0.791
Less poor 2239 (20.1) 21.3 21.1 21.6 0.986
Least poor 2146 (19.3) 27.1 28.9 24.5 0.898
Distance to nearest health facility      
< 1 km 2793 (25.1) 23.3 25.9 20.7 0.860
1 – 4.9 km 4666 (41.9) 27.2 29.4 24.1 0.819
≥ 5 km 3675 (33.0) 26.9 29.0 24.7 0.865
Bednet density at household level b      
0 1199 (10.8) 28.9 40.4 19.5 0.662
0 – 0.2 2531 (22.7) 27.9 28.9 26.8 0.946
0.2 – 0.3 3426 (30.8) 28.5 30.3 28.5 0.873
0.3 – 0.5 3026 (27.2) 22.3 22.4 22.3 0.996
> 0.5 952 (8.5) 22.6 28.9 13.9 0.794
  1. a: Mortality rate per 1000 person years.
  2. b: Number of bednets per person within a 0 m radius around each household.