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Table 4 Effects of intervention on nicotine withdrawal symptoms and urges to smoke

From: A pilot randomised controlled trial of the feasibility of using body scan and isometric exercises for reducing urge to smoke in a smoking cessation clinic

  Intervention Mean (SD) Control Mean (SD) Difference (95%CI) intervention minus control1
Withdrawal symptoms    
   MPSS-M baseline 8.9 (3.3) 10.9 (4.0)  
   MPSS-M week 1 10.1 (3.3) 10.4 (2.5) -0.6 (-3.4 to 2.9)
   MPSS-M week 2 9.4 (3.1) 10.6 (3.6) -0.1 (-2.6 to 2.4)
   MPSS-M week 3 8.5 (2.1) 10.6 (2.9) -1.8 (-5.3 to 1.8)
   MPSS-M week 4 8.6 (2.7) 10.8 (3.4) -1.1 (-4.5 to 2.3)
Urges to smoke    
   MPSS-C week 1 7.1 (1.8) 7.0 (2.2) 0.1 (-1.6 to 1.8)
   MPSS-C week 2 7.6 (1.8) 7.2 (2.6) 0.4 (-1.6 to 2.3)
   MPSS-C week 3 7.0 (1.4) 6.3 (2.8) 0.7 (-2.0 to 3.5)
   MPSS-C week 4 8.3 (2.0) 7.3 (2.5) 1.0 (-1.4 to 3.4)
  1. 1 Adjusted for baseline for MPSS-M values but not MPSS-C in accord with instructions for the scale