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Table 2 Perceptions of the causes of colorectal cancer %

From: Attitudes to colorectal cancer screening among ethnic minority groups in the UK

  Total (n = 875) Indian (n = 234) Pakistani (n = 166) Bangladeshi (n = 63) Caribbean (n = 126) African (n = 108) Chinese (n = 53) white-British (n = 125)
Don't know (n = 348) 39.8 37.6 50.0 65.1 45.2 48.1 24.5 11.2
Diet (n = 274) – breakdown below 31.3 34.2 23.4 17.5 28.4 23.1 45.3 47.2
   Bad diet (fast food, fatty foods) (n = 114) 13.0 13.7 7.2 3.2 10.1 12.0 24.6 24.8
   Low fruits/vegetables diet (n = 34) 3.9 5.1 3.0 1.6 1.8 0.9 5.7 8.0
   Low fibre/roughage diet (n = 27) 3.1 2.2 0.6 3.2 1.8 3.7 7.6 7.2
   Spicy foods (n = 24) 2.7 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.7 0 3.8 0.8
   Meat (n = 20) 2.3 3.4 2.4 0 4.6 2.8 0 0
   Water (n = 20) 2.3 2.6 1.8 3.2 0.9 0.9 1.9 4.8
   Cholesterol (n = 8) 0.9 1.3 1.8 0 1.8 0 0 0
   Refined foods (n = 7) 0.8 1.3 1.2 1.6 0 0 1.9 0
   Milk/dairy products (n = 5) 0.6 0.8 0.6 0 0.9 0.9 0 0
   Salt/sugar (n = 5) 0.6 0 1.2 1.6 0 0.9 1.9 0
   Carbohydrates (n = 4) 0.4 0 0 0 2.8 0 0 0.8
   Caffeine (n = 3) 0.3 0.4 0 1.6 0.9 0 0 0
   Fish (n = 2) 0.3 0 0 0 0.9 0 0 0.8
   Protein (n = 1) 0.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lifestyle (alcohol, smoking, weight, exercise, hygiene) (n = 94) 10.7 7.7 9.6 1.6 10.4 11.2 5.7 22.4
Psychological factors (stress, depression) (n = 53) 6.0 7.3 4.2 3.2 10.3 6.5 7.5 2.4
Environmental factors (pollution, preservatives) (n = 37) 4.0 3.4 4.8 6.3 4.0 2.8 3.8 5.6
Health problems (n = 29) 3.3 4.2 2.4 3.2 4.0 3.7 1.9 1.6
Family history (n = 17) 1.9 1.3 3.0 0 1.6 0.9 1.9 4.0
Lack of knowledge/ignorance (n = 12) 1.3 1.7 0 1.6 0 0.9 0 4.8
Other (n = 9) 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.6 0.8 0.9 0 1.6
Drugs/medicines (n = 5) 0.6 0.4 0 0 0.8 1.9 0 0.8
Chance (n = 5) 0.6 0.4 0.6 0 0 0 0 2.4
Psychosocial factors (e.g. poverty, unemployment) (n = 4) 0.4 0.9 1.2 0 0 0 0 0
  1. NB: counts do not add up to 100% in each column as some participants mentioned more than one factor. In the diet breakdown percentages are for the whole sample.