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Table 3 Odds-ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the multinomial regression models of alcohol use and misuse

From: Alcohol use and misuse: What are the contributions of occupation and work organization conditions?

  Model 1 Model 2
  Low-risk1
n = 5179
High-risk1
n = 1117
Low-risk1
n = 5179
High-risk1
n = 1117
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
OCCUPATIONS 2
Upper managers
0.96 0.52–1.77 1.41 0.64–3.11 1.35 0.75–2.45 2.39* 1.07–5.34
Middle managers 1.47 0.99–2.20 1.33 0.77–2.32 1.84** 1.24–2.75 1.87* 1.05–3.32
Front-line supervisors 1.12 0.81–1.55 1.05 0.65–1.70 1.28 0.92–1.77 1.44 0.88–2.37
Professionals 0.94 0.60–1.49 0.86 0.45–1.65 1.38 0.87–2.19 1.67 0.85–3.31
Semi-professionals 1.03 0.69–1.52 1.07 0.61–1.89 1.32 0.89–1.96 1.70 0.94–3.07
Technicians 1.26 0.78–2.04 1.07 0.53–2.17 1.53 0.94–2.48 1.60 0.75–3.41
Qualified white-collars 0.93 0.69–1.26 0.73 0.45–1.18 1.26 0.92–1.72 1.18 0.71–1.97
Semi-qualified white-collars 1.19 0.95–1.50 1.30 0.91–1.86 1.44** 1.13–1.83 1.71** 1.18–2.49
Non-qualified white-collars 1.07 0.80–1.42 0.87 0.52–1.48 1.34 0.99–1.81 1.27 0.74–2.19
Qualified blue-collars 1.38* 1.05–1.81 1.73** 1.16–2.58 1.48** 1.13–1.95 2.11* 1.41–3.16
Semi-qualified blue-collars 1.00 0.79–1.25 1.05 0.70–1.56 1.08 0.86–1.36 1.21 0.81–1.81
TASK DESIGN
Skill utilization
1.02* 1.00–1.05 1.03 0.99–1.07 1.02 1.00–1.04 1.03 0.99–1.06
Decision authority 1.03 0.99–1.06 1.07** 1.01–1.12 1.02 0.98–1.05 1.05 0.99–1.10
DEMANDS
Physical demands
1.00 0.99–1.02 1.02 0.99–1.04 0.99 0.97–1.01 1.00 0.98–1.03
Psychological demands 1.00 0.98–1.01 0.99 0.96–1.01 1.00 0.98–1.02 0.98 0.96–1.01
Hours worked 1.00 1.00–1.01 1.00 1.00–1.01 1.00 0.99–1.00 1.00 0.99–1.00
Irregular work schedule 1.04 0.98–1.10 1.00 0.90–1.10 1.03 0.97–1.10 0.97 0.88–1.07
SOCIAL RELATIONS
Harassment
1.18* 1.02–1.37 1.76** 1.42–2.20 1.27** 1.09–1.47 1.78** 1.42–2.24
Unionization 0.96 0.84–1.09 0.89 0.72–1.09 0.90 0.79–1.03 0.83 0.68–1.03
GRATIFICATIONS
Job insecurity
0.92 0.78–1.09 0.98 0.76–1.27 0.95 0.80–1.12 0.97 0.74–1.27
Performance pay 1.03 0.96–1.10 1.10 1.00–1.22 1.01 0.94–1.08 1.07 0.96–1.19
Prestige 1.02** 1.01–1.03 1.01 1.00–1.03 1.01 0.99–1.02 1.00 0.99–1.02
FAMILY
Marital status (living together)
     0.83* 0.71–0.97 0.64** 0.50–0.81
Number of minor children      1.10* 1.02–1.20 0.80** 0.68–0.93
Household income      1.26** 1.17–1.36 1.41** 1.24–1.61
Strained marital relations      0.97 0.90–1.05 1.09 0.95–1.25
Strained parental relations      1.05 0.95–1.17 1.33** 1.13–1.57
SOCIAL NETWORK
Social support (outside work)
     1.02** 1.01–1.04 1.06** 1.03–1.09
AGENT
Gender (female)
     0.57** 0.49–0.65 0.48** 0.39–0.60
Age      1.03 1.00–1.06 1.02 0.97–1.07
Physical health      0.94 0.89–1.00 0.95 0.86–1.04
Cigarettes      1.00 0.99–1.00 1.03** 1.02–1.04
Physical activities      1.04* 1.01–1.07 1.04 0.99–1.08
Stressful childhood events      0.99 0.94–1.04 1.02 0.95–1.11
χ2 (df) 220.28 (44)** 511.11 (68)**
  1. Note: * p ≤ .0.05; ** p ≤ .01. 1) Reference is non-drinkers. 2) Reference is non-qualified blue-collars