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Table 3 Age-adjusted health status and behavioral health risk characteristics of Spanish-dominant, Bilingual, and English-dominant Latinos Aged 25–64 Years

From: Health-related characteristics and preferred methods of receiving health education according to dominant language among Latinos Aged 25 to 64 in a large Northern California health plan

  Women Men
Health Characteristics Spanish-
dominant
(n = 78)
% (se)
Bilingual
(n = 99)
% (se)
English-
dominant
(n = 433)
% (se)
Spanish-
dominant
(n = 93)
% (se)
Bilingual
(n = 87)
% (se)
English-
dominant
(n = 301)
% (se)
Health Status       
Self-reported overall health       
   Very Good/Excellent 14.5 (3.6) ****, d 39.5 (5.3) **** 48.9 (2.6) 23.7 (5.9) ****, b 50.0 (6.1) 53.2 (3.3)
   ≥ Good 42.6 (6.3) **** 90.4 (2.8) 90.5 (1.5) 50.2 (6.4) ****, d 87.2 (4.7) 89.2 (2.1)
   Fair/"Regular"1 56.9 (6.4) ****, d 9.6 (2.8) 8.2 (1.5) 46.4 (6.4) ****, d 12.8 (4.7) 9.7 (2.0)
Self-reported mental and emotional health       
   Very Good/Excellent 34.6 (7.1) **, a 56.9 (5.7) 54.3 (2.6) 30.1 (6.5) ****, d 63.9 (6.2) 61.3 (3.2)
   ≥ Good 67.9 (6.4) *, a 86.3 (3.8) 84.1 (1.9) 76.7 (5.8) * 90.2 (4.8) 90.1 (1.9)
Diabetes 10.6 (4.0) 13.1 (4.0) 8.1 (1.4) 11.8 (4.0) 13.7 (4.0) 11.2 (1.8)
High Blood Pressure 17.3 (4.9) 14.4 (3.3) 14.3 (1.7) 14.5 (4.0) 16.3 (4.1) 19.1 (2.2)
High Cholesterol 12.7 (4.2) 5.8 (2.1) 9.0 (1.4) 18.6 (3.9) 16.7 (4.2) 14.7 (1.9)
Heartburn or acid reflux 27.5 (6.2) **, a 10.9 (3.5) 10.3 (1.6) 25.4 (5.4) **, b 6.7 (2.8) 8.3 (1.9)
Back Pain 31.3 (6.5) **, b 9.0 (3.1) 9.6 (1.6) 17.9 (5.0) 9.3 (3.1) 15.5 (2.5)
Depression 21.1 (5.5) 10.9 (3.6) 13.3 (1.7) 9.1 (2.9) 6.1 (2.9) 10.5 (2.0)
Behavioral Health Risks       
Current Smoker 5.4 (2.4) 2.6 (1.9) * 7.4 (1.3) 15.5 (6.4) 8.3 (3.7) 10.1 (1.9)
Overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) 67.7 (6.8) 67.4 (5.4) 67.3 (2.5) 81.5 (5.6) 84.3 (4.4) 81.9 (2.3)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 28.4 (6.5) 33.5 (5.5) 37.4 (2.6) 20.1 (5.4) ** 27.5 (5.8) 37.8 (3.3)
Exercises < once/week 45.3 (7.2) **, a 23.4 (5.1) 22.2 (2.2) 32.0 (6.1) 19.9 (5.0) 20.8 (2.7)
Exercises ≥ 3 times/week 31.4 (6.7) * 39.9 (5.5) 46.7 (2.6) 37.3 (7.1) * 35.5 (6.0) 56.8 (3.3)
Usually tries to eat reduced fat foods 42.9 (6.8) 33.5 (5.1) 33.8 (2.5) 40.2 (6.5) 30.9 (5.4) 32.1 (3.1)
Usually eats ≥ 3 servings fruit/vegetables per day 43.2 (7.3)a 25.4 (4.5) ** 40.5 (2.5) 34.0 (6.5) 28.3 (5.6) 21.8 (2.7)
Takes a daily multivitamin 19.2 (4.7) ****, a 34.3 (5.3) 45.9 (2.6) 22.3 (5.8) * 35.5 (5.8) 35.9 (3.2)
Belief about relationship of behavior/lifestyle and health       
   Have large effect 51.4 (6.9) **** 58.2 (5.5) **** 88.3 (1.7) 35.3 (6.3) **** 39.9 (5.9) **** 84.3 (2.4)
   Have little or no effect 36.4 (6.7) **** 27.0 (4.9) **** 4.0 (1.0) 51.2 (6.5) **** 35.1 (5.8) **** 7.5 (1.9)
  1. 1 On English form, "Fair " was between Good and Poor; on Spanish form, "Regular" was between "Bueno" and Malo".
  2. * p < 05; ** p < .01; *** p < 001; ****p < .0001 by t-test, Spanish-dominant and Bilingual compared to English-dominant.
  3. a p < 05; b p < .01; c p < 001; d p < .0001 by t-test, Spanish-dominant compared to Bilingual