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Table 4 Help-seeking during last 12 months among Norwegian ambulance personnel

From: Health problems and help-seeking in a nationwide sample of operational Norwegian ambulance personnel

Bivariate model OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
  General practitioner Other physician Physiotherapist/Chiropractor Psychologist/Psychiatrist Occupational health practitioner
Anxiety symptoms+ 1.4 (1.3–1.6) *** 1.3 (1.2–1.5) *** 1.1 (0.9–1.3) ns 1.8 (1.3–2.4) *** 1 (0.7–1.5)
Depression symptoms+ 1.3 (1.1–1.4) *** 1.2 (1.1–1.4) ** 1.1 (0.9–1.2) ns 1.7 (1.3–2.3) *** 0.8 (0.5–1.2)
Musculoskeletal pain+ 1.7 (1.5–1.9) *** 1.5 (1.4 1.8) *** 1.9 (1.6–2.2) *** 1.7 (1.3–2.4) *** 0.7 (0.4–1.1)
Disturbed sleep+ 1.6 (1.4–1.8) *** 1.3 (1.2–1.5) *** 1.2 (1.0–1.4) ** 2.2 (1.5–3.3) *** 1 (0.7–1.4)
Need for recovery+ 1.4 (1.3–1.6) *** 1.4 (1.2–1.5) *** 1.3 (1.1–1.5) *** 1.6 (1.2–2.3) *** 0.7 (0.4–1.0)
Women 0.6 (0.5–0.8) ** 0.6 (0.5–0.9) ** 0.6 (0.4–0.8) ** 0.5 (0.2–1.2) ns 1 (0.4–2.5)
Age 1(0.9–1.1) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) ns 1.2 (1.0–1.4) *** 1.2 (0.8–1.8) ns 1.6 (1.1–2.3) *
Adjusted model OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Constant 1.8 0.4 0.2 0.02 0.01
Anxiety symptoms+ 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1 (0.8–1.2) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 1.6 (1.0–2.5) *
Depression symptoms+ 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 1 (0.8–1.1) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) * 1.2 (0.8–2.0) 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
Musculoskeletal pain+ 1.5 (1.3–1.7) *** 1.4 (1.2–1.6) *** 1.9 (1.6–2.3) *** 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 0.7 (0.4–1.1)
Disturbed sleep+ 1.2 (1.0–1.4) * 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 1.9 (1.1–3.2) * 1.2 (0.8–1.8)
Need for recovery+ 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.2 (1.9–1.5) * 1 (0.6–1.5) 0.7 (0.4–1.1)
Women 0.7 (0.5–1.0) * 0.7 (0.5–0.9) * 0.6 (0.4–1.0) * 0.6 (0.2–1.6) 1 (0.4–2.6)
Age 1 (0.8–1.1) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1 (0.6–1.7) 1.8 (1.2–2.7) **
-2 log likelihood 1377.9 1140.7 913.2 195.4 254.7
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; + These scores were transformed into z-scores. Age refers to 10 year age bands. Note. Two-way interactions with anxiety, depression and the other health indicators were tested. None of these interactions were significant (not shown).
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