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Table 3 Symptoms of disturbed sleep, musculoskeletal pain and need for recovery among operational ambulance personnel with anxiety and depression symptoms

From: Health problems and help-seeking in a nationwide sample of operational Norwegian ambulance personnel

   Musculoskeletal pain Disturbed sleep Need for recovery
   Prevalence (95%CI) Prevalence (95%CI) Mean (95%CI)
Total sample all (n = 1161) 43.6 (41.1–46.9) 6.3 (4.9–7.7) 2.5 (2.3–2.7)
  men (n = 889) 44.9 (41.7–48.3) 5.9 (4.3–7.4) 2.5 (2.3–2.7)
  women (n = 272) 43.2 (37.1–48.8) 7.8 (4.6–11.0) 2.4 (2.1–2.8)
HADS Anxiety ≥ 8 all (n = 126) 69.4 (60.9–77.1) χ2*** 21.4 (14.3–28.8) χ2*** 5.4 (4.9–5.8) t-test
  men (n = 89) 69.7 (60.5–79.5) *** 23.6 (14.8–32.4) *** 5.9 (5.3–6.4) ***
  women (n = 37) 68.6 (54.1–83.9) ** 16.2 (4.3–28.1) * 4.3 (3.4–5.2) ***
HADS Depression ≥ 8 all (n = 85) 75.7 (66.9–85.1) *** 31.1 (20.5–41.6) *** 6.2 (5.6–6.8) ***
  men (n = 65) 76.6 (66.8–87.2) *** 28.1 (17.1–39.2) *** 6.3 (5.6–7.0) ***
  women (n = 10) 70.0 (41.6–98.4) ns 50 (19.0–80.1) *** 5.4 (3.6–7.1) **
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001. Chi-square tests were performed for those with anxiety or depression symptoms against those without anxiety and depression symptoms, respectively.
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