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Table 2 Help-seeking during last 12 months among ambulance personnel compared to a general working population

From: Health problems and help-seeking in a nationwide sample of operational Norwegian ambulance personnel

  General practitioner Other physician Physiotherapist Chiropractor Occupational health practitioner
Crude prevalences Gen Amb Gen Amb Gen Amb Gen Amb Gen Amb
All 71.9 56.5 *** 32.7 27.2 *** 16.4 11.7 *** 4.5 11.7 *** 24.4 2.8 ***
Men 62.1 53.7 *** 28.7 25.0 * 13.5 9.5 ** 5.2 10.9 *** 32.2 2.8 ***
Women 79.9 65.4 *** 36.1 34.1 ns 18.8 18.8 na 4.0 14.1 *** 17.5 2.9 ***
Adjusted model OR (95% CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Constant 1.5   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.5  
Ambulance sample 0.7 (0.6–0.8) *** 0.9 (0.8–1.1) ns 0.7 (0.6–0.9) * 2.5 (2.0–3.2) *** 0.1 (0.05–0.11)***
Women 2.4 (2.3–2.5) *** 1.4 (1.3–1.5) *** 1.5 (1.4–1.6) *** 0.8 (0.7–0.9) *** 0.4 (0.4–0.5) ***
Age 1.0 (0.9–1.0) ns 1.1 (1.1–1.2) *** 1.3 (1.2–1.3) *** 1.3 (1.3–1.4) *** 1.3 (1.3–1.4) ***
Anxiety symptoms+ 1.7 (1.6–1.9) *** 1.4 (1.3–1.6) *** 1.4 (1.3–1.6) *** 1.2 (1.0–1.5) *** 1.1 (1.1–1.3) ***
Depression symptoms+ 1.4 (1.3–1.6) *** 1.4 (1.2–1.5) *** 1.3 (1.2–1.5) *** 1.2 (0.9–1.5) ns 1.0 (0.9–1.2) ns
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; + These scores were transformed into z-scores. Age refers to 10 year age bands Abbreviations. Gen = the general working population sample and Amb = the ambulance sample; Note. Two-way interactions with occupation were tested for anxiety and depression symptoms, and also three-way interactions with gender as a third variable were tested. None of these interactions were significant (not shown).
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