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Table 1 Description of the dependent and independent variables, and age adjusted estimates on anxiety and depression symptoms in the two samples

From: Health problems and help-seeking in a nationwide sample of operational Norwegian ambulance personnel

A. Categorical variables % N % N
   Ambulance sample General working population sample
Gender Women 23.2 273 53.1 15017***
  Men 76.8 902 46.9 16969
  Total   1175   31986
   % (95%CI)   % (95%CI)  
Anxiety symptoms Cut ≥ 8 Men 9.8 89 11.8 1760 ns
  Women 13.6 37 16.4 2745 ns
(age adjusted estimates) Men 9.8 (7.8–11.8)   11.8 (11.3–12.3) ns
  Women 14.4 (9.9–18.6) 16.4 (15.8–16.9) ns
Depression symptoms Cut ≥ 8 Men 7.3 65 7.5 1123 ns
  Women 3.7 10 7.1 1188 *
(age adjusted estimates) Men 8.0 (6.2–9.8)   7.0 (6.6–7.4) ns
  Women 4.6 (2.1–7.2)   6.7 (6.3–7.1) ns
B. Continuous variables Mean SD Mean SD
AGE   36.8 9.3 41.1 10.3 ***
Anxiety symptoms (0–21) Men 3.5 2.9 3.9 3.0 ***
  Women 4.0 3.0 4.4 3.3 *
(age adjusted estimates)   3.5 (3.3–3.7)   3.9 (3.9–4.0) ***
   4.0 (3.6–4.4)   4.4 (4.4–4.5) *
Depression symptoms (0–21) Men 2.7 2.8 3.1 2.8 ***
  Women 2.3 2.4 2.9 2.7 **
(age adjusted estimates) Men 2.9 (2.7–3.1)   3.1 (3.1–3.2) **
  Women 2.7 (2.3–3.0)   2.9 (2.8–2.9) ns
C. Ambulance sample (only)
Musculoskeletal pain (0–3) Men 3.3 3.0   
  Women 3.9** 3.2   
Disturbed sleep Men 0.4 0.8   
  Women 0.4 0.9   
Need for Recovery Men 2.5 2.9   
  Women 2.4 2.7   
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; Note. Level of significance was tested across samples and within gender, adjusted for age Adjusted estimates on anxiety and depression symptoms are presented in cursive.
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