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Table 2 Adjusted* incidence rate ratios of depressive and anxiety disorders according to exposure to psychosocial risk factors at work. Men

From: Psychosocial working conditions and the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in the Danish workforce

Prevalence % Depressive disorders Anxiety disorders
Psychosocial risk factor Controls Cases IRR adj. CI 95% Controls l Cases IRR adj. CI 95%
Job control         
low <= 56 1962 505 1.05 0.90–1.21 3670 1033 1.40 1.24–1.58
56 < medium <= 65.5 2072 483 0.98 0.84–1.13 3969 917 1.13 1.00–1.27
65.5 < medium-high <= 72.8 2275 496 0.93 0.80–1.07 3718 751 1.11 0.99–1.26
high > 72.8 (ref) 2455 557 1   3660 673 1  
Job demands         
high > 75 2329 507 0.88 0.76–1.02 3706 717 0.79 0.70–0.89
38.4 < medium-high <= 75 2379 511 0.86 0.74–0.99 4064 795 0.81 0.72–0.90
35.8 < medium <= 38.4 1881 445 0.92 0.79–1.06 3323 790 0.93 0.84–1.04
low <= 35.8 (ref) 2175 578 1   3924 1072 1  
Job Strain         
yes > 20 1381 341 1.01 0.88–1.17 2546 682 1.13 1.02–1.25
No <= 20 7383 1700 1   12471 2692 1  
Emotional demands         
high > 28.6 2350 604 1.12 0.96–1.30 3649 883 1.12 1.00–1.26
18.6 < medium-high <= 28.6 2129 413 0.93 0.80–1.09 3438 724 0.95 0.84–1.07
13.8 < medium <= 18.6 2217 515 1.02 0.89–1.18 3960 844 0.91 0.82–1.02
low <= 13.8 (ref) 2068 491 1   3970 923 1  
Working with people         
high > 63.5 2174 569 0.97 0.84–1.12 3595 933 1.10 098–1.23
40 < medium-high < 63.5 2374 488 0.85 0.73–0.98 3817 774 0.90 0.80–1.02
22 < medium <= 40 2163 441 0.79 0.68–0.92 3751 767 0.91 0.81–1.02
low <= 22 (ref) 2053 543 1   3854 900 1  
  1. * IRRs are adjusted for marital status (single yes/no), having children (yes/no), level of education (up to vocational/higher), income level (low/high), total level of unemployment (less than 2 years/over 2 years) residence (town/province) and nationality (Danish/not Danish) Bold types indicate significant IRRs