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Table 1 Adjusted* incidence rate ratios of depressive and anxiety disorders according to exposure to psychosocial risk factors at work. Women

From: Psychosocial working conditions and the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in the Danish workforce

Prevalence % Depressive disorders Anxiety disorders
Psychosocial risk factor Controls Cases IRR adj. CI 95% Controls Cases IRR adj. CI 95%
Job control         
low <= 54 2640 699 0.95 0.83–1.10 5419 1518 1.01 0.91–1.11
54 < medium <= 62.5 3176 733 0.93 0.82–1.07 5983 1410 0.89 0.81–0.98
62.5 < medium-high <= 67 2866 833 1.15 1.02–1.30 5708 1489 0.99 0.90–1.09
high > 67 (ref) 3004 742 1   5483 1327 1  
Job demands         
high > 39.3 3076 664 0.89 0.78–1.02 5867 1226 0.84 0.77–0.93
39.3 >= medium-high > 34.3 2953 660 0.87 0.77–0.99 5713 1339 0.86 0.79–0.95
34.3 >= medium > 31 2915 924 1.20 1.07–1.35 5613 1674 1.09 1.00–1.19
low <= 31 (ref) 2742 759 1   5400 1505 1  
Job Strain         
Yes > 20 2677 726 1.01 0.92–1.12 5009 1367 1.04 0.97–1.12
No <= 20 9009 2281 1   17584 4377 1  
Emotional demands         
high > 47.3 2980 904 1.39 1.22–1.58 5440 1374 1.07 0.97–1.18
47.3 >= medium-high > 29.6 2820 740 1.13 0.99–1.28 5449 1449 1.03 0.94–1.12
29.6 >= medium > 21.5 3010 630 0.94 0.83–1.07 5925 1380 0.88 0.80–0.96
low <= 21.5 (ref) 2876 733 1   5779 1541 1  
Working with people         
high > 73.4 3113 871 1.15 1.01–1.30 5885 1426 1.03 0.94–1.13
61.8 < medium-high <= 73.4 2557 695 1.13 0.99–1.28 4937 1358 1.07 0.98–1.17
38.2 < medium <= 61.8 3357 768 0.99 0.88–1.12 6417 1615 1.01 0.93–1.10
low <= 38.2 (ref) 2659 673 1   5354 1345 1  
  1. * IRRs are adjusted for marital status (single yes/no), having children (yes/no), level of education (up to vocational/higher), income level (low/high), total level of unemployment (less than 2 years/over 2 years) residence (town/province) and nationality (Danish/not Danish) Bold types indicate significant IRRs