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Table 4 Multiple logistic regression showing factors associated with unawareness and treatment of hypertension among Costa Rican elderly hypertensives, by sex.

From: Factors associated with hypertension prevalence, unawareness and treatment among Costa Rican elderly

Variable Males Females
  OR 95% CI of OR OR 95% CI of OR
Unawareness among hypertensives (1)     
Obesity vs. normal weight 0.92 0.53 – 1.58 0.40 * 0.22 – 0.73
Currently smokes vs. never smoked 2.86 * 1.44 – 5.67 0.79 0.23 – 2.65
Family history of hypertension 0.30 * 0.19 – 0.47 0.44 * 0.29 – 0.68
Home visits by community health workers 0.92 0.58 – 1.48 0.49 * 0.31 – 0.79
Diabetes 0.86 0.47 – 1.56 0.40 * 0.23 – 0.69
Heart disease 0.77 0.45 – 1.34 0.48 * 0.25 – 0.90
Stroke 0.63 0.26 – 1.50 0.32 * 0.14 – 0.75
Good health status vs. excellent 0.35 * 0.16 – 0.78 0.76 0.33 – 1.74
Poor health status vs. excellent 0.25 * 0.08 – 0.79 0.45 0.16 – 1.32
Treatment among hypertensives (2)     
Being 70–79 vs. 60–69 yrs old 2.15 * 1.26 – 3.67 1.25 0.81 – 1.94
Being 80+ vs. 60–64 yrs old 3.61 * 1.77 – 7.37 1.24 0.75 – 2.02
Completed elementary education 2.05 * 1.17 – 3.58 1.73 * 1.11 – 2.68
Live in greater metropolitan area of San Jose 1.80 * 1.08 – 2.98 1.42 0.96 – 2.12
Underweight vs. normal weight 0.11 * 0.02 – 0.54 1.37 0.49 – 3.86
Obesity vs. normal weight 1.55 0.76 – 3.15 1.99 * 1.20 – 3.30
Family history of hypertension 2.98 * 1.79 – 4.95 1.61 * 1.11 – 2.34
Home visits by community health workers 0.91 0.56 – 1.47 1.75 * 1.19 – 2.57
Diabetes 2.33 * 1.19 – 4.58 2.21 * 1.43 – 3.43
Heart disease 4.12 * 2.08 – 8.16 1.82 * 1.06 – 3.14
  1. * Significant at 0.05 level.
  2. The following variables were also included in the model, but were not significant at 0.05 level and are not shown:
  3. (1) 10-yr age groups from 60–69 up to 80+, education, having health insurance, income level, living in the greater metropolitan area, co-residing with a partner, alcohol consumption, physical activity, calorie consumption, carbohydrate consumption, and fat consumption.
  4. (2) Being employed, having health insurance, income level, co-residing with a partner, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, physical activity, calorie consumption, carbohydrate consumption, fat consumption, and self-reported health status.