Skip to main content

Table 3 Multiple logistic regression showing factors associated with prevalence of hypertension in the Costa Rican elderly, by sex.

From: Factors associated with hypertension prevalence, unawareness and treatment among Costa Rican elderly

Variable Males Females
  OR 95% CI of OR OR 95% CI of OR
Being 70–79 vs. 60–69 yrs old 1.10 0.76 – 1.58 1.53 * 1.07 – 2.19
Has a job 0.55 * 0.37 – 0.81 0.94 0.54 – 1.64
Underweight vs. normal weight 0.27 * 0.11 – 0.69 0.53 0.28 – 1.03
Overweight vs. normal weight 2.04 * 1.40 – 2.98 1.41 0.97 – 2.04
Obesity vs. normal weight 3.92 * 2.34 – 6.57 1.83 * 1.19 – 2.80
Occasional alcohol drinker vs. non drinker 1.36 0.71 – 2.59 0.62 * 0.42 – 0.91
Family history of hypertension 1.98 * 1.40 – 2.79 2.21 * 1.62 – 3.03
  1. * Significant at 0.05 level.
  2. Note: The following variables were also included in the model, but were not significant at 0.05 level and are not shown: 10-yr age groups from 60–69 up to 80+, education, having health insurance, income level, living in the greater metropolitan area of San Jose, being married, tobacco use, physical activity, home visits by community health workers in the last yr, calorie consumption, carbohydrate consumption, fat consumption, having had a stroke, and self-rated health status.