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Table 1 Characteristics of Costa Rican elderly.

From: Factors associated with hypertension prevalence, unawareness and treatment among Costa Rican elderly

Variable (n*) Males
(n = 1,293)
Females
(n = 1,534)
Mean age (± SD) 76.3 (± 10.2) 76.4 (± 10.3)
Sex (2,827) 47.5 52.5
Age groups (2,827)   
   60–69 55.5 52.4
   70–79 31.1 31.9
   80+ 13.4 15.7
Completed elementary education (2,815) 50.5 47.2
Has a job (2,827) 50.0 29.0
Has health insurance (2,827) 92.9 96.1
Low income (2,822) 33.6 36.5
Live in greater metropolitan area of San Jose (2,827) 50.7 55.0
Co-reside with a partner (2,822) 77.1 45.3
Body Mass Index (2,703)   
   Underweight 2.9 3.6
   Normal 32.4 24.9
   Overweight 45.6 39.0
   Obesity 19.1 32.5
Alcohol consumption (2,827)   
   Current use 5.3 0.3
   Occasional use 39.0 22.2
   Consumed in the past, but not anymore 48.2 15.8
   Never 7.5 61.7
Tobacco use (2,827)   
   Current smokers 16.76 3.84
   Smoked in the past, but not anymore 50.9 16.94
   Never 32.34 79.23
Physically active (2,827) 40.2 23.3
Family history of hypertension (2,527) 51.7 58.0
Home visits by community health workers (2,820) 39.4 45.9
Consumes > 3,000 calories/day (2,819) 16.0 9.0
Consumes > 400 grams of carbohydrates/day (2,819) 20.1 11.3
Consumes > 40 grams of fat/day (2,819) 15.9 12.2
Has ever been diagnosed as diabetic (2,827) 17.0 24.2
Has ever had heart disease (2,827) 15.5 14.7
Has ever had a stroke (2,827) 3.5 4.1
Self-reported health status (2,820)   
   Excellent 9.9 5.7
   Very good 14.1 13.0
   Good 32.0 31.2
   Fair 36.7 42.0
   Poor 7.3 8.1
  1. *Sample sizes are unweighted, whereas relative distributions correspond to weighted samples.