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Table 4 The rate of HIV infection among TB patients and pregnant women attending antenatal care in the same health institutions of southern region of Ethiopia 2004 – 2005

From: The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community

Survey sites by zones* ANC attendants with HIV % (N) TB patients with HIV % (N) R2† Adjusted R2 P – value
Urban survey sites      
   Sidama zone 9.48 (29/306) 17.84 (38/213)    
   Wolaita zone 10.53 (26/247) 13.79 (12/87)    
   Gedeo zone 9.46 (21/222) 18.11 (23/127)    
   All urban sites    0.998 0.998 < 0.001
Rural survey sites      
   Hadiya zone 2.7 (7/259) 9.17 (21/229)    
   Gurage zone 4.5 (18/400) 13.14 (23/175)    
   Gamo Goffa zone 1.48 (6/405) 10.61 (7/66)    
   All rural sites    0.547 0.546 < 0.001
All survey sites    0.732 0.732 < 0.001
  1. *The survey sites were areas where we conducted the two surveys in the same health institutions in a district.
  2. R2-coefficient of determination weighed for the number of study participants