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Table 3 The rate of HIV infection among TB patients and pregnant women attending antenatal care in southern region of Ethiopia 2004 – 2005

From: The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community

Survey sites by zones* ANC attendants with HIV % (N) TB patients with HIV % (N) R2† Adjusted R2 P-value
Urban survey sites      
   Sidama zone 9.48 (29/306) 17.84 (38/213)    
   Wolaita zone 10.53 (26/247) 13.79 (12/87)    
   Gedeo zone 9.46 (21/222) 18.11 (23/127)    
   Bench Maji zone 2.25 (8/360) 32.5 (66/203)    
   South Omo zone 1.72 (7/408) 35.29 (12/34)    
   Kaffa zone 2.45 (8/326) 26.23 (16/61)    
Rural survey sites      
   Hadiya zone 2.7 (7/259) 9.17 (21/229)    
   Gurage zone 4.5 (18/400) 13.14 (23/175)    
   Gamo Goffa zone 1.48 (6/405) 10.61 (7/66)    
   Silte zone 1.95 (8/411) 8.33 (4/48)    
   Sheka zone 2.31(8/346)     
   Kambata Tembaro zone 2.24 (9/401)     
All survey sites    0.034 0.034 < 0.001
  1. *The survey sites were areas where we conducted the two surveys in the same and different health institutions.
  2. R2-coefficient of determination weighed for the number of study participants
  3. P-value for adjusted R2 HIV = Human immunodeficiency virus, ANC = Antenatal care