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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and HIV status of TB patients, southern Ethiopia, 2004 – 2005

From: The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community

Variables   TB Patients without HIV
(N = 1035), n (%)
TB patients with HIV
(N = 226), n (%)
OR (95%CI) P-value AOR (95%CI) P-value
Age Mean (SD) 29.24 (9.85) 28.29 (13.77)     
Gender Male 581(82.1) 127 (17.9) 1    
  Female 445 (82.1) 97 (17.9) 0.99 (0.75 – 1.34) 0.985   
Residence Rural 796 (84.2) 149 (15.8) 1    
  Urban 225 (75.5) 73 (24.5) 1.73 (1.26 – 2.38)   1.77 (1.28 – 2.46) 0.001
Age group 0 – 14 109 (90.8) 11 (9.2) 1    
  15 – 24 344 (88.0) 47 (12.0) 1.35 (0.68 – 2.70)   2.01 (0.54 – 7.49) 0.301
  25 – 34 267 (73.4) 97 (26.6) 3.60 (1.86 – 6.98)   2.54 (0.76 – 8.46) 0.129
  35 – 44 153 (76.9) 46 (23.1) 2.98 (1.48 – 6.01)   7.10 (2.17 – 23.26) 0.001
  45 – 54 113 (86.9) 17 (13.1) 1.76 (0.78 – 3.93)   5.78 (1.72 – 19.38) 0.005
  ≥ 55 57 (95.0) 3 (5.0) 0.52 (0.14 – 1.95)   3.34 (0.94 – 11.93) 0.063
TB classification PTB +ve 434 (82.5) 92 (17.5) 1    
  PTB -ve 354 (81.9) 78 (18.1) 1.04 (0.75 – 1.45) 0.82   
  EPTB 243 (81.8) 54 (18.2) 1.05 (0.72 – 1.52) 0.803   
TB category New 956 (82.6) 202 (17.4) 1    
  RFDO 32 (74.4) 11 (25.6) 1.61(0.79 – 3.24) 0.184   
  1. TB = Tuberculosis, HIV = Human immunodeficiency virus, OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, AOR = adjusted OR for age and residence
  2. SD = standard deviation, PTB +ve = smear positive pulmonary TB, PTB -ve = smear negative pulmonary TB, EPTB = extrapulmonary TB, R = relapse,
  3. F = failure, D = return after default, O = others. Missing variables: age – 15 (1.2%), sex – 12(0.9%), address – 21(1.6%), disease classification – 7(0.5%), disease category – 58(4.4%), HIV result – 47(3.6%), sex & HIV result – 58(4.4%), age group and HIV – 61(4.7%), address and HIV – 21(1.6%), disease classification and HIV – 53(4.1%) and age category and HIV- 61(4.7%).