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Table 1 Comparison of social demographic characteristics of 138 women with cancer of the cervix (cases) and 138 controls at Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

From: Association between invasive cancer of the cervix and HIV-1 infection in Tanzania: the need for dual screening

Variable Cases (138)
n (%)
Controls (138)
n (%)
p-value
Age in mean years (SD) 51.9 (12.3) 47.4 (11.9) 0.002
Education*    
   None 83(60.1) 55(39.9)  
   Primary 50(36.2) 67(48.6) <0.001
   Secondary 3(2.2) 12(8.7)  
   Higher learning 2(1.4) 4(2.9)  
Occupation    
   Housewife 21(15.2) 28(20.3)  
   Business 16(11.6) 24(17.4)  
   Peasant farmer 92(66.7) 62(44.9) 0.06
   Salaried employee 3(2.2) 13(9.4)  
   Other 6(4.3) 11(8.0)  
Residence    
   South 11(7.9) 7(5.1)  
   Southern highland 20(14.4) 10(7.2)  
   Eastern 49(35.5) 62(44.9) 0.13
   Central 17(12.3) 10(7.2)  
   Lake zone 18(13.0) 24(17.4)  
   Northern 23(16.7) 25(18.1)  
Religion    
   Catholic 36(26.1) 25(18.1)  
   Protestant 30(21.7) 43(31.5)  
   Born again 5(3.6) 6(4.3) 0.11
   Muslim 48(34.8) 54(39.0)  
   Other 19(13.8) 10(7.2)  
Marital status    
   Single 2(1.4) 4(2.9)  
   Married 94(68.1) 105(76.1) 0.62
   Separated 12(8.7) 10(7.2)  
   Widowed 30(21.7) 19(13.8)  
  1. * Chi square for trend = 12.654