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Table 4 Predictors of knowledge of diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventive measures based on fitting Stepwise multiple logistic regression models in the study groups

From: Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

  Definition Symptoms Risk factors Complications Prevention
Demographic factor OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Education;      
Less than high-school 1.00     
High-school & above 4.69 (3.22 – 6.82) 0.0001 3.27 (2.22 – 4.82) 0.0001 3.66 (2.37 – 5.65) 0.0001 1.93 (1.36 – 2.74) 0.0001 3.44 (2.19 – 5.41) 0.0001
Family history of DM;      
No/Don't know 1.00     
Yes 1.49 (1.03 – 2.16) 0.034 1.98 (1.36 – 2.88) 0.0001 1.51 (1.01 – 2.26) 0.044 2.10 (1.48 – 2.97) 0.0001 1.58 (1.05 – 2.37) 0.029
Income      
< 300 OMR p.m. 1.00     
≥ 300 OMR p.m. 1.48 (1.01 – 2.18) 0.047 ---------- --------- --------- 1.61 (1.07 – 2.44) 0.024
  1. OR: Odds ratio; CI: Confidence interval; DM: Diabetes mellitus.