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Table 3 knowledge of common preventive measures by demographic factors and family history of diabetes among non-diabetic respondents

From: Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

  Taking Care of the Diet Increasing Physical Activity Avoiding Obesity & overweight
  % p % p % p
Gender       
   Males 61.2 0.432 49.8 0.002 19.0 0.581
   Females 64.4   36.8   17.2  
Age group       
   20–30 67.4 0.0001 53.4 0.0001 23.2 0.001
   31–50 67.4   36.4   13.9  
    > 50 35.9   14.1   7.7  
Educational status       
   Illiterate 38.4 0.0001 11.6 0.0001 8.9 0.004
   < high school 61.4   33.9   15.3  
   High school 74.3   56.3   24.6  
   ≥ Some college 75.8   70.5   22.1  
Monthly H. Hold Income       
   OMR < 300 57.3 0.034 30.3 0.0001 14.2 0.087
   300 – 1000 66.9   47.2   18.2  
   > 1000 72.1   62.3   26.2  
Family History of Diabetes       
   Positive History 66.8 0.117 46.2 0.042 19.5 0.306
   No/Not sure 59.6   37.7   16.2  
Total/combined 63.1%   42.3%   17.9%  
  1. p-values for comparisons of knowledge between the groups for each of the preventive measures