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Table 2 Knowledge of diabetes risk factors by demographic factors and family history of diabetes among non-diabetic respondents

From: Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

  Excessive sugar intake Obesity Physical inactivity Presence of family history
  % p % p % p % p
Gender         
   Males 59.5 0.881 29.5 0.982 27.4 0.001 19.0 0.254
   Females 60.1   29.4   16.0   15.3  
Age group         
   20–30 64.4 0.007 35.6 0.001 22.5 0.021 23.2 0.001
   31–50 58.8   25.7   23.0   11.8  
   > 50 44.9   15.4   9.0   5.1  
Educational status         
   Illiterate 50.0 0.0001 18.8 0.0001 12.5 0.0001 6.3 0.0001
   < high school 50.8   24.9   16.9   9.0  
   High school 69.5   31.7   19.8   18.6  
   ≥ Some college 72.6   47.4   40.0   42.1  
Monthly H. Hold Income         
   OMR < 300 54.0 0.038 26.5 0.009 15.6 0.0001 13.7 0.015
   300 – 1000 63.6   27.5   20.8   16.7  
   > 1000 68.9   45.9   41.0   39.5  
Family History of Diabetes         
   Positive History 63.4 0.067 30.0 .758 21.8 0.528 19.5 0.076
   No/Not sure 55.8   28.8   19.6   13.8  
Total/combined 59.9%   29.5%   20.8%   16.9%  
  1. p-values for comparisons of knowledge between the groups for each risk factor