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Table 3 The likelihood of reporting anyproblem in the EQ-5D self-classifier by disease groups

From: Health-related quality of life among general practice patients with differing chronic diseases in Germany: Cross sectional survey

  Number (proportion) of respondents reporting anyproblem
  Mobility Self-care Usual activity Pain/discomfort Anxiety/depression
Reference group (n = 428) 83(20.0%) 10(2.4%) 120(29.0%) 248(60.2%) 149(35.8%)
Hypertension (n = 217) 49(25.5%) 7(3.6%) 48(25.4%) 134(70.2%)* 54(28.4%)
RR (95% CI) 1.27(0.94–1.73) 1.51(0.58–3.90) 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 1.17 (1.03–1.32) 0.79 (0.61–1.03)
Diabetes (n = 78) 24(34.8%)** 2(3.0%) 17(25.0%) 45(65.2%) 20(29.0%)
RR (95% CI) 1.74(1.19–2.53) 1.23(0.28–5.50) 0.86(0.56–1.34) 1.08(0.90–1.31) 0.81(0.55–1.20)
Asthma/COPD (n = 54) 18(36.0%)* 4(8.0%) 23(46.0%)* 39(78.0%)* 21(42.9%)
RR (95% CI) 1.80(1.18–2.72) 3.30(1.08–10.14) 1.59(1.13–2.22) 1.30 (1.10–1.53) 1.20(0.84–1.70)
Heart disease (n = 78) 21(31.3%)* 3(4.5%) 25(37.9%) 49(75.4%)* 20(29.9%)
RR (95% CI) 1.56(1.04–2.34) 1.85(0.52–6.55) 1.31(0.93–1.84) 1.25(1.07–1.47) 0.83(0.56–1.23)
OA knee (n = 17) 9(56.3%)** 1(6.3%) 6(37.5%) 16(94.1%)** 6(35.3%)
RR(95% CI) 2.81(1.75–4.50) 2.58(0.35–18.96) 1.29(0.68–2.48) 1.56(1.36–1.80) 0.98(0.51–1.90)
Other joint diseases (n = 30) 9(36.0%) 2(8.3%) 9(37.5%) 21(84.0%)* 9(36.0%)
RR (95% CI) 1.80(1.03–3.13) 3.44(0.80–14.84) 1.29(0.76–2.22) 1.40(1.16–1.68) 1.00(0.59–1.72)
Depression (n = 63) 17(30.4%) 1(1.8%) 26(47.3%)** 41(75.9%)* 45(83.3%)***
RR (95% CI) 1.51(0.97–2.35) 0.74(0.10–5.65) 1.63(1.19–2.24) 1.26(1.06–1.49) 2.33(1.95–2.77)
Cancer (n = 38) 11(31.4%) 0(0%) 19(54.3%)** 26(74.3%) 16(47.1%)
RR (95% CI) 1.57(0.93–2.65) - (-) 1.87(1.33–2.63) 1.23(1.00–1.52) 1.31(0.90–1.92)
Back pain (n = 193) 50(28.4%)* 8(4.6%) 73(41.2%)** 146(83.4%)*** 61(34.7%)
RR (95% CI) 1.42(1.05–1.92) 1.90(0.76–4.73) 1.42(1.13–1.79) 1.39(1.25–1.54) 0.97(0.76–1.23)
Polyarthritis (n = 13) 4(30.8%) 1(7.7%) 5(38.5%) 13(100%)** 7(53.8%)
RR (95% CI) 1.54(0.66–3.55) 3.18 (0.44–23.01) 1.33 (0.66–2.68) 1.66 (1.54–1.80) 1.50 (0.89–2.53)
Other mental illness (n = 29) 3(11.1%) 1(3.6%) 13(48.1%)* 20(71.4%) 17(63.0%)**
RR(95% CI) 0.55(0.19–1.64) 1.48(0.20–11.12) 1.66(1.09–2.53) 1.19(0.93–1.52) 1.76(1.28–2.41)
Migraine (n = 25) 7(29.2%) 0(0%) 5(20.8%) 20(83.3%)* 6(25.0%)
RR (95% CI) 1.46(0.76–2.79) -(-) 0.72(0.32–1.59) 1.38(1.14–1.68) 0.70(0.34–1.41)
  1. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 by chi-square tests on the difference in the proportion of respondents reporting anyproblem between patients with the selected chronic diseases and the reference group, df = 1. RR = the relative risk of reporting anyproblem of respondents with the selected chronic diseases compared with the reference group.