Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of risk factors for viral hepatitis infections among HIV-infected TB patients.

From: Viral hepatitis and HIV-associated tuberculosis: Risk factors and TB treatment outcomes in Thailand

1. Risk factors for HBsAg reactive (n = 732)
Risk factors OR 95% CI p AOR 95% CI p
   L U    L U  
Male 2.0 1.1 3.7 0.03 1.6 0.8 3.1 0.16
Man having sex with men 2.3 1.2 4.6 0.02 2.1 1.1 4.3 0.04
Low TB knowledge 1.6 0.9 2.8 0.08 1.8 1.0 3.0 0.04
History of inhalant use 1.7 0.9 3.0 0.08 1.4 0.7 2.7 0.29
History of incarceration (jail) 1.4 0.9 2.3 0.20 1.2 0.7 2.0 0.62
Had >4 sex partners in past 6 months 2.8 0.6 13.9 0.20 1.9 0.4 9.4 0.46
2. Risk factors for anti-HCV reactive (n = 736)
Risk factors OR 95% CI P AOR 95% CI p
   L U    L U  
Male 3.1 2.1 4.7 <0.01 1.4 0.8 2.5 0.25
Age >34 years 1.3 1.0 1.8 0.09 1.2 0.8 2.0 0.37
Unemployed 1.7 1.3 2.5 <0.01 1.7 1.1 2.5 0.03
High TB stigma 1.4 1.0 2.0 0.04 1.7 1.0 2.7 0.04
Currently smoke 2.7 1.9 3.8 <0.01 1.7 1.0 2.9 0.04
History of alcohol use 1.5 1.1 2.1 0.03 1.0 0.6 1.7 0.92
History of methamphetamine use 3.6 2.6 5.0 <0.01 0.7 0.4 1.3 0.32
History of marijuana use 3.9 2.8 5.5 <0.01 1.4 0.8 2.5 0.30
History of ketamine use 2.3 1.0 5.1 0.05 0.9 0.2 4.2 0.86
History of ecstasy use 1.7 0.8 3.6 0.15 1.1 0.3 4.9 0.88
History of sleeping pill use 3.0 2.1 4.4 <0.01 1.1 0.6 2.0 0.84
History of inhalant use 2.9 2.0 4.3 <0.01 0.9 0.5 1.7 0.68
History of injection drug use 17.2 11.5 25.6 <0.01 12.8 7.0 23.2 <0.01
History of incarceration (jail) 5.6 4.0 7.8 <0.01 1.3 0.8 2.3 0.35
Live in Bangkok 15.3 10.2 23.1 <0.01 15.8 9.4 26.5 <0.01
3. Risk factors for HBsAg and anti-HCV reactive (n = 740)
Risk factors OR 95% CI P AOR 95% CI p
   L U    L U  
Male 5.6 1.3 23.8 0.02 3.2 0.7 14.4 0.14
History of methamphetamine use 2.1 0.9 4.6 0.07 0.7 0.2 2.2 0.54
History of marijuana use 1.9 0.9 4.2 0.11 0.8 0.3 2.4 0.69
History of inhalant use 2.7 1.2 6.2 0.02 1.9 0.7 5.4 0.21
History of injection drug use 4.5 2.0 10.2 <0.01 3.2 1.0 9.8 0.05
History of incarceration (jail) 2.3 1.0 4.9 0.04 1.0 0.3 3.3 0.97
Live in Bangkok 3.2 1.5 7.0 <0.01 2.7 1.1 6.6 0.03
  1. TB, tuberculosis; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; OR, odds ratio; AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; L, lower bound; U, upper bound; HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen; Variables for which p = 0.20 in univariate analyses were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis