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Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) of physical and mental dysfunction by basic and luxury goods

From: Lack of basic and luxury goods and health-related dysfunction in older persons; Findings from the longitudinal SMILE study

  Model 11 OR (95% CI) Model 22 OR (95% CI) Model 33 OR (95% CI) Model 44 OR (95% CI)
Basic goods Physical dysfunction (N = 2067)
≤ 4 1.91 (1.10–3.33) 1.65 (0.93–2.93) 1.49 (0.83–2.68) 1.28 (0.68–2.42)
5–6 1.62 (1.15–2.29) 1.51 (1.06–2.15) 1.42 (0.99–2.04) 1.41 (0.96–2.08)
7 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Luxury goods     
≤ 5 1.54 (0.94–2.52) 1.32 (0.79–2.19) 1.25 (0.75–2.09) 1.11 (0.64–1.92)
6–10 0.88 (0.55–1.42) 0.82 (0.51–1.32) 0.81 (0.50–1.31) 0.77 (0.46–1.28)
11–21 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Basic goods Mental dysfunction (N = 2067)
≤ 4 2.56 (1.48–4.34) 2.47 (1.39–4.41) 2.18 (1.21–3.93) 2.13 (1.17–3.84)
5–6 1.53 (1.08–2.18) 1.51 (1.05–2.17) 1.39 (0.96–2.02) 1.37 (0.95–1.99)
7 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Luxury goods     
≤ 5 1.33 (0.82–2.16) 1.04 (0.62–1.74) 0.97 (0.58–1.62) 0.91 (0.54–1.53)
6–10 1.02 (0.65–1.60) 0.91 (0.58–1.44) 0.90 (0.57–1.43) 0.88 (0.56–1.40)
11–21 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1. 1 Model 1 is adjusted for age and gender.
  2. 2 Model 2 is adjusted for age, gender and simultaneously for luxury goods or basic goods.
  3. 3 Model 3 is additionally adjusted for education.
  4. 4 Model 4 is additionally adjusted for severe and less severe diseases.