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Table 3 Adjusted prevalence odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the associations between prostate cancer diagnosis and lifestyle behaviors, body mass index, and perceived health, stratified by age, race, education, and urbanicity.

From: Lifestyle behaviors, obesity, and perceived health among men with and without a diagnosis of prostate cancer: A population-based, cross-sectional study

  Age* Race Education Urbanicity §
  ≤ 65 > 65 Black Non-black ≤ 12 >12 Urban Rural
Fruit/vegetable servings         
   ≥ 5 per day 1.32
(0.95 – 1.85)
1.35
(1.10 – 1.64)
1.63
(0.89 – 2.99)
1.28
(1.06 – 1.54)
1.37
(0.99 – 1.89)
1.27
(1.03 – 1.56)
1.39
(1.14 – 1.72)
0.98
(0.72 – 1.33)
   < 5 per day ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Smoking status         
   Current smoker 0.66
(0.47 – 0.92)
0.88
(0.64 – 1.21)
0.84
(0.43 – 1.66)
0.86
(0.67 – 1.10)
0.96
(0.70 – 1.32)
0.73
(0.51 – 1.03)
0.80
(0.59 – 1.08)
1.06
(0.78 – 1.45)
   Non-smoker ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Binge alcohol use         
   At risk 0.56
(0.39 – 0.79)
0.80
(0.51 – 1.28)
0.40
(0.16 – 1.02)
0.85
(0.61 – 1.18)
0.97
(0.67 – 1.40)
0.70
(0.43 – 1.14)
0.77
(0.53 – 1.13)
0.97
(0.62 – 1.50)
   Not at risk ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Heavy alcohol consumption         
   At risk 0.65
(0.34 – 1.22)
0.82
(0.46 – 1.45)
0.26 A
(0.06 – 1.02)
0.83 A
(0.52 – 1.32)
0.68
(0.36 – 1.27)
0.83
(0.45 – 1.51)
0.82
(0.49 – 1.38)
0.62
(0.30 – 1.27)
   Not at risk ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Sedentary behavior         
   Yes 1.01
(0.72 – 1.43)
0.93
(0.77 – 1.13)
0.57
(0.34 – 0.95)
0.97
(0.81 – 1.16)
0.78B
(0.61 – 0.99)
1.03B
(0.82 – 1.29)
0.84
(0.68 – 1.05)
1.16
(0.89 – 1.50)
   No ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Body mass index         
   <25 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
   25 – 30 1.24
(0.88 – 1.75)
1.12
(0.91 – 1.37)
1.77
(0.96 – 3.26)
1.10
(0.91 – 1.32)
1.27
(0.92 – 1.74)
1.04
(0.85 – 1.29)
1.16
(0.94 – 1.44)
1.04
(0.80 – 1.35)
   > 30 1.14
(0.78 – 1.66)
0.77
(0.59 – 1.00)
1.30
(0.69 – 2.45)
0.84
(0.66 – 1.05)
0.90
(0.63 – 1.28)
0.85
(0.65 – 1.11)
0.86
(0.66 – 1.12)
0.89
(0.65 – 1.22)
Perceived health         
   Poor/fair 2.54
(1.79 – 3.60)
1.61
(1.29 – 2.01)
1.41
(0.70 – 2.82)
1.66
(1.35 – 2.03)
1.71
(1.20 – 2.43)
1.30
(1.02 – 1.65)
1.66
(1.31 – 2.10)
1.45
(1.08 – 1.94)
   Good 1.82C
(1.32 – 2.50)
1.16C
(0.92 – 1.45)
1.68
(0.85 – 3.31)
1.26
(1.03 – 1.54)
1.11
(0.76 – 1.61)
1.40
(1.13 – 1.74)
1.34
(1.07 – 1.68)
1.12
(0.82 – 1.54)
   Very good/excellent ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
  1. ¶1.00 – Reference category; *Adjusted for race, education, and urbanicity; Adjusted for age, education, and urbanicity; Adjusted for age, race, and urbanicity; §Adjusted for age, race, and education; A p value for odds ratios across strata = .038; B p value for odds ratios across strata = .008; C p value for odds ratios across strata = .034.