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Table 2 Mental health, psychological and sociological profiles of prison inmates and of the unemployed.

From: Mental health (GHQ12; CES-D) and attitudes towards the value of work among inmates of a semi-open prison and the long-term unemployed in Luxembourg

  Unemployed (N = 69) Prison inmates (N = 52) p1 1-β2 |Δ|3 = 5 1-β |Δ| = 10 1-β Obs4
  M5 SD6 M SD     
General Health Questionnaire score [0–100] 43.2 [21.4] 47.8 [10.3] 0.154 0.400 0.927 0.349
Depression: Global score [0–100] 32.4 [19.1] 32.2 [17.2] 0.953 0.318 0.844 0.050
- factor: Interpersonal difficulties [0–100] 20.5 [23.8] 22.4 [24.7] 0.669 0.200 0.606 0.071
- factor: Depressive mood [0–100] 29.0 [23.3] 28.9 [19.7] 0.985 0.242 0.711 0.050
- factor: Lack of well-being [0–100] 48.7 [23.9] 39.9 [22.5] 0.043 0.214 0.644 0.533
- factor: Recovery [0–100] 30.0 [19.1] 34.5 [22.8] 0.244 0.252 0.732 0.210
Self-esteem [0–100] 65.5 [17.5] 75.6 [16.1] 0.001 0.363 0.896 0.904
Social network; availability of social support [0–100] 42.4 [24.3] 50.8 [24.8] 0.068 0.196 0.595 0.455
Importance of professional role [0–100] 73.8 [14.9] 78.0 [15.3] 0.130 0.434 0.948 0.329
Empowerment [0–100] 62.1 [12.2] 69.8 [8.8] < 0.001 0.730 0.999 0.977
- factor:: Self-esteem/self-efficacy [0–100] 70.9 [19.1] 82.7 [12.5] < 0.001 0.401 0.928 0.981
- factor: Power-powerlessness [0–100] 47.9 [13.4] 46.3 [17.8] 0.566 0.410 0.934 0.087
- factor: Community activism and autonomy [0–100] 73.9 [14.7] 83.8 [13.9] < 0.001 0.473 0.966 0.964
- factor: Optimism and control over future [0–100] 61.6 [16.4] 77.7 [14.9] < 0.001 0.407 0.932 1.000
- factor: Righteous anger [0–100] 45.0 [12.6] 45.8 [22.0] 0.805 0.345 0.877 0.057
  1. 1p: Significance level of Student's t-test; 21-β: Power of Student's t-test for given absolute value of the difference; 3|Δ|: Absolute value of the difference; 41-β Obs: Observed power of the Student's t-test; 5M: Mean; 6SD: Standard deviation.