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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the unemployed and of prison inmates.

From: Mental health (GHQ12; CES-D) and attitudes towards the value of work among inmates of a semi-open prison and the long-term unemployed in Luxembourg

   Unemployed (N = 69) Prison inmates (N = 52) p1 1-β2 ES3 = 0.1 1-β ES = 0.3 1-β Obs4
   % %     
Age 15–24 31.8 21.6 < 0.001 0.131 0.799 0.961
  25–34 13.6 49.0     
  35–44 24.2 15.7     
  45 or more 30.3 13.7     
Native of Luxembourg Yes 30.3 40.8 0.331 0.196 0.910 0.227
  No 69.7 59.2     
Dependants No 51.5 59.6 0.489 0.196 0.910 0.146
  Yes 48.5 40.4     
Situation of the spouse No spouse 53.8 63.3 0.322 0.152 0.849 0.275
  Working 30.8 18.4     
  Not working 15.4 18.4     
Sex Female 37.9 0.0     
  Male 62.1 100.0     
Married or co-habiting Yes 49.3 39.2 0.363 0.196 0.910 0.200
  No 50.7 60.8     
Considers self to be unwell Yes 21.2 18.0 0.846 0.196 0.910 0.073
  No 78.8 82.0     
Level of education Lower level 34.5 55.8 0.009 0.152 0.849 0.841
  Average level 36.2 36.5     
  Higher level 29.3 7.7     
No. hours of further education None 58.0 71.1 0.033 0.152 0.849 0.726
  Less than 400 29.0 8.9     
  400 or more 13.0 20.0     
Experience of working (months) None 42.0 11.8 < 0.001 0.152 0.849 0.962
  Less than 24 31.9 33.3     
  24 or more 26.1 54.9     
Occupational status sought Management 17.3 4.9 0.002 0.152 0.849 0.969
  Employee 44.2 19.5     
  Labourer 38.5 75.6     
Driving licence Yes 67.7 46.2 0.031 0.196 0.910 0.667
  No 32.3 53.8     
  1. 1p: Significance level of Chi square test; 21-β: Power of the Chi square test for given effect size; 3ES: Effect size; 41-β Obs: Observed power of the Chi square test.