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Table 5 Ethnic differences in the use of strategies (BEMI-C) and people approached for help (BEMI-I)

From: Do 'alternative' help-seeking strategies affect primary care service use? A survey of help-seeking for mental distress

Strategies BEMI-C* White British (n = 39) Black Caribbean (n = 21) Bangladeshi (n = 57) Χ2a & KW
   Range 2–16 0–18 0–14 KW 2.86; p = .24
   Mean 7.75 7.55 6.42  
   Self Directed (Max 8) 3.78 3.03 2.31 KW 11.24; p = .004
   (% of at least 1 strategy) 100% 85.0% 86.0% Χ2 = 33.03; p <.007
   Social (Max 3) 2.03 1.50 1.83 KW 2.67; p =.26
   (% of at least 1 strategy) 94.4% 75.0% 82.5% Χ2 = 5.47; p =.49
   Spiritual (Max 1) .17 .65 .49 KW 14.91; p =.001
   (% of at least 1 strategy) 16.7% 65.0% 49.1% Χ2 = 15.05; p =.001
   Medical (Max 2) .67 .75 1.12 KW 6.96; p =.031
   (% of at least 1 strategy) 52.8% 55.0% 66.7% Χ2 = 12.03; p =.017
   Complementary (Max 4) 1.11 1.35 .67 KW 8.80; p = .012
   (% of at least 1 strategy) 58.3% 85.0% 45.6% Χ2 = 15.16; p =.056
Number of people consulted (BEMI I)     
Range 0–9 0–5 0–5  
Mean 3.33 1.95 1.95 KW 10.36, p < .01
% who contacted at least 1 84.6% 66.7% 77.2% Χ2 = 22.28; p =.13
  1. * Participant numbers varied for BEMI-C WB = 36 BC = 20,
  2. a Χ2 tests the distribution between the whole range of methods, but we have presented percentages of different ethnic groups using at least 1 strategy per domain