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Table 4 Ethnic differences in ratings of help seeking strategies as helpful (BEMI-C)

From: Do 'alternative' help-seeking strategies affect primary care service use? A survey of help-seeking for mental distress

Questionnaire Survey   White British Black Caribbean Bangladeshi Helpful Strategy Χ2(df) Helpful Strategy p-value
Self-directed Help-seeking Behaviour Exercising 16 (66.7%) 9 (75.0%) 16 (51.6%) 2.46 (2) p = .29
  Changing your diet 6 (33.3%) 8 (100%) 6 (28.6%) 13.10 (2) p < .001
  Using drugs or alcohol 5 (23.8%) 3 (37.5%) 5 (55.6%) 2.87 (2) p = .23
  Keeping busy 13 (54.2%) 9 (69.2%) 23 (65.7%) 1.11 (2) p = .57
  Chanting 1 (33.3%) 2 (100%) 7 (53.8%) 2.22 (2) p = .33
  Dancing 8 (72.7%) 8 (100%) 1 (50.0%) 3.61 (2) p = .17
  Thinking 9 (47.4%) 8 (100%) 4 (26.7%) 11.32 (2) p = .003
  Spending time on a Hobby 12 (75.0%) 7 (100%) 2 (33.3%) 7.31 (2) p = .026
Social help-seeking Talking to your family 14 (60.9%) 8 (88.9%) 24 (61.5%) 3.58 (2) p = .16
  Talking to your friends 18 (66.7%) 11 (91.7%) 20 (62.5%) 5.54 (2) p = .06
  Socialising 14 (60.9%) 9 (100%) 21 (63.6%) 5.03 (2) p = .08
Spiritual Help seeking Praying 2 (33.3%) 10 (76.9%) 18 (64.3%) 3.39 (2) p = .18
Medical Help seeking Talking to your GP 6 (46.2%) 8 (80.0%) 15 (50.0%) 3.23 (2) p = .19
  Taking Medication 4 (36.4%) 4 (80.0%) 23 (67.6%) 4.21 (2) p = .12
Complementary Service Use Using herbal remedies 10 (62.5%) 7 (58.3%) 4 (36.4%) 1.93 (2) p = .38
  Relaxation and massage 12 (85.7%) 8 (86.9%) 5 (50.0%) 5.21 (2) p = .07
  Yoga 4 (57.1%) 1 (33.3%) 0 1.40 (2) p = .50
  Seeing a traditional healer 3 (100%) 3 (100%) 5 (31.3%) 8.25 (2) p = .016