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Table 3 Ethnic differences in the use of help seeking strategies (BEMI-C)

From: Do 'alternative' help-seeking strategies affect primary care service use? A survey of help-seeking for mental distress

Questionnaire Survey   White British Black Caribbean Bangladeshi Used Strategy Χ2(df) Used Strategy p-value
Self-directed Help-seeking Behaviour Exercising 24 (66.7%) 12(60.0%) 31 (54.4%) 1.38 (2) p = .50
  Changing your diet 18 (50.0%) 8 (40.0%) 21 (36.8%) 1.60 (2) p = .45
  Using drugs or alcohol 21(58.3%) 8 (40.0%) 9 (15.8%) 18.33 (2) P < .001
  Keeping busy 24 (66.7%) 13 (65.0%) 35 (61.4%) .28 (2) p = .86
  Chanting 3 (8.3%) 2 (10.0%) 13 (22.8%) 4.09 (2) p = .13
  Dancing 11 (30.6%) 8 (40.0%) 2 (3.5%) 18.03 (2) P < .001
  Thinking 19 (52.8%) 8 (40.0%) 15 (26.3%) 6.70 (2) P = .035
  Spending time on a Hobby 16 (44.4%) 7 (35.0%) 6 (10.5%) 14.42 (2) P < .001
Social help-seeking Talking to your family 23 (63.9%) 9 (45.0%) 39 (68.4%) 3.50 (2) p = .17
  Talking to your friends 27 (75.0%) 12 (60.0%) 32 (56.1%) 3.44 (2) p = .18
  Socialising 23 (63.9%) 9 (45.0%) 33 (57.9%) 1.88 (2) p = .39
Spiritual Help seeking Praying 6 (16.7%) 13 (65.0%) 28 (49.1%) 15.05 (2) P < .001
Medical Help seeking Talking to your GP 13 (36.1%) 10 (50.0%) 30 (52.6%) 2.51 (2) p = .29
  Taking Medication 11 (30.6%) 5 (25.0%) 34 (59.6%) 11.22 (2) P = .004
Complementary Service Use Using herbal remedies 16 (44.4%) 12 (60.0%) 11 (19.3%) 13.16 (2) P < .001
  Relaxation and massage 14 (38.9%) 9 (45.0%) 10 (17.5%) 7.80 (2) p = .02
  Yoga 7 (19.4%) 3 (15.0%) 1 (1.8%) 8.62 (2) P = .013
  Seeing a traditional healer 3 (8.3%) 3 (15.0%) 16 (28.1%) 5.79 (2) P = .055