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Table 1 Characteristics of the survey sample, by gender*

From: The prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among adults in Ho Chi Minh City

  Male (n = 884) n (%) Female (n = 1022) n (%) Both (n = 1906) n (%)
Gender 884 (47.7) 1022 (52.3) 1906 (100.0)
Age groups    
   25–34 367 (41.5) 400 (39.1) 766 (40.2)
   35–44 286 (32.3) 325 (31.8) 612 (32.1)
   45–54 169 (19.1) 205 (20.1) 374 (19.6)
   55–64 62 (7) 92 (9) 154 (8.1)
Area**    
   Wealthy urban 201 (22.7) 249 (24.4) 450 (23.6)
   Less wealthy urban 455 (51.5) 514 (50.3) 970 (50.9)
   Suburban 228 (25.8) 259 (25.3) 486 (25.5)
Ethnic    
   Kinh 850 (96.2) 976 (95.5) 1826 (95.8)
   Others 34 (3.8) 46 (4.5) 80 (4.2)
Education a    
  (n = 883) (n = 1021) (n = 1904)
   Less than primary school 90 (10.2) 168 (16.4) 258 (13.4)
   Primary school completed 258 (29.2) 333 (32.6) 591 (31.0)
   Secondary school completed 227 (25.7) 254 (24.9) 481 (25.3)
   High school completed 178 (20.2) 162 (15.9) 340 (17.9)
   Some colleges 130 (14.8) 104 (10.2) 234 (12.4)
Occupation a    
  (n = 881) (n = 1021) (n = 1902)
   Government employee 124 (14.1) 129 (12.7) 253 (13.3)
   Non-Government employee 259 (29.4) 169 (16.6) 428 (22.7)
   Self-employee 366 (41.6) 333 (32.6) 699 (36.9)
   Housewife 3 (0.3) 344 (33.7) 337 (17.8)
   Others (unpaid, retired, student, unemployed) 129 (14.6) 46 (4.5) 175 (9.3)
Household economic status    
Income/montha (n = 832) (n = 960) (n = 1792)
   < 1,000,000 121 (14.5) 180 (18.8) 301 (16.7)
   1,000,000 -< 3,000,000 403 (48.5) 502 (52.3) 905 (50.5)
   3,000,000 -< 5,000,000 154 (18.5) 143 (14.9) 297 (16.6)
   ≥ 5,000,000 154 (18.5) 135 (14.0) 289 (16.2)
Household wealth index b    
  (n = 881) (n = 1021) (n = 1902)
   Lowest 154 (17.5) 238 (23.3) 390 (20.5)
   Second 179 (20.3) 209 (20.5) 388 (20.4)
   Middle 195 (22.1) 181 (17.7) 377 (19.8)
   Fourth 181 (20.6) 201 (19.7) 382 (20.1)
   Highest 172 (19.6) 192 (18.8) 365 (19.2)
Tobacco use c    
   Non-smoker 209 (23.6) 997 (97.6) 1187 (62.3)
   Ex-smoker 166 (18.8) 8 (.8) 179 (9.4)
   Current smoker 509 (57.5) 16 (1.6) 540 (28.3)
Alcohol consumption c    
  (n = 880) (n = 1020) (n = 1900)
   Non-binge drinking 622 (70.7) 1009 (98.9) 1631 (85.4)
   Binge drinking‡ 258 (29.3) 11 (1.1) 269 (14.6)
  1. * Data weighted for age and gender based on the national 2004 CENSUS
  2. **Classification based on the HCMC Bureau of Statistics, 2002
  3. † General income of household in millions VND
  4. ‡ 5 standard drinks or more for men and 4 standard drinks or more for women
  5. a Pearson chi-squared test with p < 0.001, b p < 0.01, c p < 0.05