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Table 2 Studies on the European prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) among the adult population based on self-reported and direct measurements.

From: Obesity prevalence from a European perspective: a systematic review

   Self report   Direct measure
Population Year of Survey/Reference Men Women Year of Survey/Reference Men Women
Denmark 2001 [80] 11.8 12.5 1991–1994 [48] 12.3 11.2
Finland 1994 [81] 12.2 12.9 1992 [51] 14.2 14.9
Germany 2002 [82] 12.1 10.3 1998 [55] 18.8 21.7
Greece 2002 [2] 20.1 16.6 2001–2002 [57], [58], [59], [60] 20.0 15.0
Italy* 1991 [83] 7.0 6.1 1998–2000 [3] 22.0 27.7
Lithuania 2002 [84] 16.2 16.0 1997 [32] 11.4 6.0
Netherlands 2001 [85] 8.9 12.4 1993–1997 [65], [66] 8.6 9.5
Portugal 1998–1999 [86] 11.5 14.2 [13] 13.9 26.1
Spain 1993 [87] 8.1 8.2 1992–1996 [12] 28.3 30.0
Sweden 2000–2001 [29] 9.6 9.3 1999 [76] 14.6 15.7
Switzerland 2000 [88] 6.0 4.0 2003 [78] 15.0 11.0
United Kingdom 2000–2001 [89] 22.0 22.0 2003 [79] 22.2 23.0
  1. Data from selected countries, where studies best matching with regard to sample characteristics and survey date were available.
  2. *Sample characteristics differ between direct measured samples and self report samples.