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Table 2 Proportion of chewers stopping chewing habit between men and women in different demographic characteristics

From: Comparing factors affecting commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behavior in Taiwanese adults

Variable Item % of stop chewing habit
   Male Female
   Adjusted sample size % 95% Confidence Interval P-value Adjusted sample size % 95% Confidence Interval P-value
Total   1237 27.5 (23.8, 31.6)   71 12.7 (7.5, 20.8)  
Age group 18–34 563 21.9 (15.7, 29.7) <.0001 17 4.3 (1.4, 12.2) 0.5351
  35–49 428 26.4 (21.1, 32.5)   29 11.7 (3.9, 30.5)  
  50–64 191 40.0 (33.8, 46.6)   16 17.3 (7.4, 35.5)  
  65 and above 55 50.5 (41.9, 59.1)   9 22.1 (11.2, 38.8)  
Education # Literate 54 42.5 (31.4, 54.3) 0.0003 14 16.7 (7.8, 32.3) 0.6409
  Primary school 243 35.1 (28.9, 41.7)   32 17.1 (8.3, 32.0)  
  Junior high school 328 22.6 (16.5, 30.1)   9 10.3 (3.1, 28.8)  
  Senior high school 538 24.8 (18.5, 32.3)   16 1.9 (0.4, 8.7)  
  College and above 72 35.2 (19.2, 55.4)   0 0.0 (-, -)  
Occupation Unemployed or non-technical 564 30.8 (25.2, 37.0) 0.1301 55 16.4 (9.8, 26.1) 0.4067
  Technical 473 24.5 (19.3, 30.7)   10 0.7 (0.1, 4.9)  
  Semi-professional 158 25.0 (14.2, 40.2)   6 0.0 (-, -)  
  Managerial/professional and above 42 27.2 (9.6, 56.9)   0 0.0 (-, -)  
Ethnicity # Aborigines 60 7.8 (5.1, 11.9) 0.0004 36 9.8 (4.6, 19.7) 0.4538
  Non-aborigines 1173 28.6 (24.7, 32.9)   35 15.7 (7.3, 30.6)  
Cigarette smoker # Yes 1105 26.5 (22.6, 30.8) 0.0113 28 7.2 (3.2, 15.7) 0.2572
  No 128 37.1 (26.1, 49.6)   43 16.4 (9.0, 28.0)  
Alcohol drinker Yes 422 27.9 (21.1, 35.9) 0.8412 13 5.9 (2.5, 13.2) 0.4259
  No 815 27.4 (23.1, 32.1)   58 14.2 (8.0, 24.0)  
Type of quid # Betel quid 786 20.3 (16.2, 25.0) <.0001 55 13.1 (7.2, 22.7) 0.8280
  Lao-hwa quid 259 44.1 (35.5, 53.1)   2 0.0 (-, -)  
  Betel quid + Lao-hwa quid 134 31.0 (19.0, 46.3)   6 6.4 (0.8, 37.3)  
  Others 50 47.9 (27.1, 69.4)   8 19.3 (6.6, 44.7)  
  1. #: 2 males with missing value in education; 4 males with missing value in ethnicity; 4 males with missing value in cigarette smoker; 8 males with missing value in type of quid