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Table 1 Prevalence of betel quid chewing behavior between men and women for different demographics characteristics

From: Comparing factors affecting commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behavior in Taiwanese adults

Variables Item Betel quid chewers
   Male Female
   Adjusted sample size % 95% Confidence Interval P-value Adjusted sample size % 95% Confidence Interval P-value
Total   5922 20.9 (19.2, 22.6)   5747 1.2 (1.0, 1.6)  
Age group 18–34 2682 21.0 (18.1, 24.2) <.0001 2597 0.6 (0.4, 1.1) 0.0017
  35–49 1790 23.9 (21.0, 27.0)   1769 1.6 (1.0, 2.6)  
  50–64 919 20.8 (18.5, 23.3)   925 1.7 (1.2, 2.3)  
  65 and above 531 10.4 (8.9, 12.2)   456 2.3 (1.7, 3.1)  
Education # Literate 283 19.0 (15.3, 23.3) <.0001 653 2.2 (1.7, 2.9) <.0001
  Primary school 921 26.4 (23.3, 29.7)   1153 2.8 (2.1, 3.6)  
  Junior high school 1021 32.1 (27.6, 36.9)   802 1.1 (0.6, 1.9)  
  Senior high school 2100 25.6 (22.3, 29.3)   1775 0.9 (0.4, 2.1)  
  College and above 1571 4.6 (3.2, 6.5)   1345 0.0 (0.0, 0.1)  
Occupation # Unemployed or non-technical 2903 19.5 (17.3, 21.9) <.0001 3893 1.4 (1.1, 1.8) 0.0731
  Technical 1488 29.8 (26.4, 33.4)   649 1.5 (1.0, 2.2)  
  Semi-professional 865 18.2 (13.8, 23.7)   895 0.7 (0.1, 3.6)  
  Managerial/professional and above 561 7.4 (4.1, 13.1)   310 0.0 (0.0, 0.1)  
Ethnicity # Aborigines 111 54.3 (44.9, 63.5) <.0001 106 33.8 (28.1, 39.9) <.0001
  Non-aborigines 5797 20.2 (18.6, 22.0)   5631 0.6 (0.4, 1.0)  
Cigarette smoker # Yes 2979 37.1 (34.2, 40.1) <.0001 190 14.8 (8.6, 24.1) <.0001
  No 2918 4.4 (3.5, 5.5)   5553 0.8 (0.6, 0.9)  
Alcohol drinker Yes 815 51.7 (46.3, 57.2) <.0001 60 21.0 (14.5, 29.4) <.0001
  No 5107 16.0 (14.4, 17.7)   5687 1.0 (0.8, 1.4)  
  1. #: 26 males and 19 females with missing value in education; 105 males with missing value in occupation; 14 males and 10 females with missing value in ethnicity; 25 males and 4 females with missing value in cigarette smoker