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Table 8 Inequalities by distance from the nearest health facility in preventive care and illness in children under two years (source: household survey)

From: Health and survival of young children in southern Tanzania

Indicator Number of children Percentage of children P
   Under 5 km 5 km and over  
VACCINE COVERAGE & VITAMIN A (in children aged 12–23 months)
BCG before 12 months of age 558/619 93 83 0.0001
DPT-HepB3 before 12 months of age 567/619 93 88 0.04
OPV3 before 12 months of age 507/619 85 76 0.02
Measles before 12 months of age 429/619 73 62 0.01
Vitamin A in previous 6 months 433/606 73 67 0.18
MOSQUITO NETS (in children aged 0–23 months)
Slept under a net last night 362/1,207 33 25 0.05
Slept under a treated net last night 137/1,207 12 9 0.23
Slept under a recently-treated net last night 105/1,207 10 6 0.06
MALARIA AND ANAEMIA (in children aged 0–23 months)
Malaria parasitaemia 671/1,082 60 66 0.11
Severe anaemia (Hb < 8 g/dL) 334/1,083 29 35 0.06
RECENT ILLNESS AND CARE-SEEKING (in children aged 0–23 months)
Illness in the last two weeks 599/1,215 49 50 0.82
Sought care from a Western-style health care provider (hospital, health centre, dispensary etc) 277/599 51 37 0.002
Admissions in the previous year 182/1,219 15 14 0.62
NUTRITION
Exclusive breastfeeding in children under 6 months old 70/290 25 23 0.69
Underweight (weight-for-age z-score under -2) in children 0–23 months old 324/1,069 29 32 0.31