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Table 6 Inequalities by ethnic group in preventive care and illness in children under two years (source: household survey)

From: Health and survival of young children in southern Tanzania

Indicator Number of children Percentage of children P
   Makonde Mwera Yao Other  
VACCINE COVERAGE & VITAMIN A (in children aged 12–23 months)
BCG before 12 months of age 644/721 92% 86% 92% 89% 0.19
DPT-HepB3 before 12 months of age 586/721 84% 79% 88% 77% 0.24
OPV3 before 12 months of age 654/721 90% 91% 88% 90% 0.96
Measles before 12 months of age 496/721 71% 67% 65% 68% 0.61
Vitamin A in previous 6 months 499/707 74% 67% 68% 68% 0.35
MOSQUITO NETS (in children aged 0–23 months)
Slept under a net last night 415/1,395 28% 28% 35% 39% 0.07
Slept under a treated net last night 159/1,395 12% 9% 10% 16% 0.19
Slept under a recently-treated net last night 125/1,395 10% 7% 6% 12% 0.19
MALARIA AND ANAEMIA (in children aged 0–23 months)
Malaria parasitaemia 779/1,249 61% 62% 65% 65% 0.82
Severe anaemia (Hb < 8 g/dL) 383/1,251 25% 34% 37% 37% 0.007
RECENT ILLNESS AND CARE-SEEKING (in children aged 0–23 months)
Illness in the last two weeks 673/1,404 44% 51% 58% 49% 0.07
Sought care from a Western-style health care provider (hospital, health centre, dispensary etc) 308/673 42% 47% 71% 45% 0.02
Admissions in the previous year 226/1,408 17% 15% 17% 16% 0.41
NUTRITION
Exclusive breastfeeding in children under 6 months old 78/330 30% 20% 9% 21% 0.11
Underweight (weight-for-age z-score under -2) in children 0–23 months old 398/1,238 29% 37% 37% 27% 0.04