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Table 3 Availability of staff, vaccines and drugs in health facilities on a single day in October 2004 (source: health facility survey)

From: Health and survival of young children in southern Tanzania

Characteristic Categories Number of facilities % of facilities 95% CI*
VACCINES AND EQUIPMENT FOR VACCINATION (in all 118 facilities supplying vaccination services)
All essential vaccines available (BCG, DPT-HepB, OPV, Measles, TT) 91/118 77% 68,84
Fridge   Available 115/118 97% 93,99
   Available & freezes 64/118 54% 45,63
ORAL AND INJECTABLE DRUGS (in all 134 facilities)
Essential oral treatments available (ORS, SP, co-trimoxazole, vitamin A, ferrous sulphate, paracetamol, mebendazole) (SP was the first-line antimalarial drug at the time of the survey) All available 57/134 42% 34,51
   ORS 125/134 93% 88,97
   SP 124/134 93% 87,96
   Co-trimoxazole 98/134 73% 65,80
Water available 30/134 22% 16,30
Injectable treatment for pre-referral care (quinine, gentamicin or ampicillin or chloramphenicol, benzylpenicillin or cristapen or PPF (procaine penillin)) In dispensaries 59/113 52% 43,62
   In health centres 6/14 43% 18,71
HUMAN RESOURCES (in all 127 health centres & dispensaries)
Prescribers (Medical Officers, Assistant Medical Officer, Clinical Officer or Assistant Clinical Officer) Dispensaries Present 46/113 41% 32,50
   Employed 85/113 75% 66,83
  Health Centres Present 8/14 57% 29,82
   Employed 12/14 86% 57,98
Nurses (Nursing Officer, Nurse Midwife, Public Health Nurse 'B' or Maternal and Child Health Aides) Dispensaries Present 49/113 43% 34,53
   Employed 86/113 76% 67,84
  Health Centres Present 11/14 79% 49,95
   Employed 13/14 93% 66,100
SUPERVISION & REFERRAL (in all 134 facilities)
At least one supervision visit in previous 6 months 112/134 84% 76,89
At least one supervision involving case-management observation in previous 6 months 23/134 17% 11,25
Transport for referral (bicycle or ambulance) 21/134 16% 10,23
Has the in-charge ever wanted to refer a sick child but been unable to? 34/134 25% 18,34
  1. *Assuming binomial distribution