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Table 4 Relationship between TV viewing time and other co-variates and metabolic syndrome risk by gender

From: Association between television viewing and the risk of metabolic syndrome in a community-based population

  Men (n = 1144) Women (n = 1209)
Variables MSa (n = 431) Non-MSa (n = 713) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) MSa (n = 352) Non-MSa (n = 857) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
TV viewing time (hours/week)
   < 14 108(32.8) 221(67.2) 1.00 1.00 66(19.3) 276(80.7) 1.00 1.00
   14–20 111(32.4) 232(67.6) 0.98(0.71, 1.35) 0.96(0.69, 1.33) 80(26.1) 226(73.9) 1.48(1.02, 2.14) 1.38(0.93, 2.05)
   > 20 212(44.9) 260(55.1) 1.67(1.25, 2.24) 1.50(1.10, 2.03) 206(36.7) 355(63.3) 2.43(1.76, 3.34) 1.93(1.37, 2.71)
Age (yrs)
   40–49 110(32.6) 227(67.4) 1.00 1.00 61(13.3) 397(86.7) 1.00 1.00
   50–59 119(35.0) 221(65.0) 1.11(0.81, 1.53) 1.02(0.73, 1.42) 120(31.0) 267(69.0) 2.93(2.07, 4.13) 2.52(1.75, 3.62)
   60–69 90(43.3) 118(56.7) 1.57(1.10, 2.25) 1.34(0.91, 1.97) 105(43.8) 135(56.2) 5.06(3.49, 7.34) 3.79(2.51, 5.72)
   ≥ 70 112(43.2) 147(56.8) 1.57(1.13, 2.20) 1.20(0.81, 1.79) 66(53.2) 58(46.8) 7.41(4.75, 11.54) 5.31(3.22, 8.77)
Educational level
   < 9 139(42.3) 190(57.7) 1.00 1.00 218(41.1) 313(58.9) 1.00 1.00
   9–12 206(37.9) 338(62.1) 0.83(0.63, 1.10) 0.97(0.72, 1.31) 105(20.3) 413(79.7) 0.37(0.28, 0.48) 0.63(0.46, 0.86)
   > 12 86(31.7) 185(68.3) 0.64(0.45, 0.89) 0.81(0.54, 1.19) 29(18.1) 131(81.9) 0.32(0.21, 0.49) 0.67(0.41, 1.11)
Household income (Taiwanese thousand dollars/month)
   < 40 237(42.4) 322(57.6) 1.00 1.00 214(35.6) 387(64.4) 1.00 1.00
   40–100 149(32. 9) 304(67.1) 0.67(0.51, 0.86) 0.79(0.59, 1.06) 116(23.4) 380(76.6) 0.55(0.42, 0.72) 0.82(0.61, 1.10)
   > 100 45(34.1) 87(65.9) 0.70(0.47, 1.05) 0.89(0.56, 1.39) 22(19.6) 90(80.4) 0.44(0.27, 0.73) 0.82(0.47, 1.43)
Occupation activity (MET-hour)
   < 40 178(41.3) 229(56.3) 1.00 1.00 122(35.2) 225(64.8) 1.00 1.00
   40–83 137(37.7) 226(62.3) 0.78(0.58, 1.04) 0.95(0.69, 1.29) 105(24.8) 318(75.2) 0.61(0.45, 0.83) 0.94(0.67, 1.33)
   > 83 116(31.0) 258(69.0) 0.58(0.43, 0.78) 0.64(0.46, 0.88) 125(28.5) 314(71.5) 0.73(0.54, 0.99) 1.08(0.77, 1.52)
Cigarette smoking
   Never 189(34.2) 363(65.8) 1.00 1.00 330(28.7) 822(71.3) 1.00 1.00
   former 103(39.3) 159(60.7) 1.24(0.92, 1.69) 1.14(0.83, 1.56) 9(60.0) 6(40.0) 3.74(1.32, 10.58) 4.67(1.49, 14.69)
   Current 139(42.1) 191(57.9) 1.40(1.06, 1.85) 1.42(1.06, 1.92) 13(31.0) 29(69.0) 1.12(0.57, 2.18) 1.35(0.66, 2.77)
  1. aValues are expressed as n (percentages); OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.