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Table 2 Comparisons of physical and biochemical examinations among groups of TV viewing time stratified by gender

From: Association between television viewing and the risk of metabolic syndrome in a community-based population

  Men (n = 1144) Women (n = 1209)
  TV viewing time means (standard deviation)   TV viewing time means (standard deviation)  
Variables < 14 (n = 329) 14–20 (n = 343) > 20 (n = 472) p-valuea < 14 (n = 342) 14–20 (n = 306) > 20 (n = 561) p-valuea
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 24.35 (0.21) 24.76 (0.21) 25.07 (0.18) 0.0066 23.13 (0.22) 23.85 (0.24) 24.36 (0.17) < .0001***
Waist circumference (cm) 84.90 (0.59) 86.11 (0.57) 87.52 (0.49) 0.0001*** 74.61 (0.58) 76.52 (0.61) 78.04 (0.45) < .0001***
Systolic BP (mmHg) 136.72 (1.39) 137.44 (1.36) 141.40 (1.16) 0.0022** 127.31 (1.49) 132.18 (1.57) 136.13 (1.16) < .0001***
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 81.84(0.77) 82.36 (0.76) 83.26 (0.65) 0.2085 72.92 (0.81) 75.32 (0.85) 77.12 (0.63) < .0001***
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 103.07 (1.98) 103.63 (1.94) 110.16 (1.66) 0.0006*** 97.08 (1.77) 97.81 (1.88) 104.94 (1.39) < .0001***
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 41.65 (0.74) 41.41 (0.72) 41.47 (0.61) 0.9548 51.22 (0.84) 49.90 (0.89) 49.81 (0.66) 0.2347
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 125.64 (7.52) 130.36 (7.37) 148.04 (6.28) 0.0102* 92.63 (4.61) 102.36 (4.87) 118.68 (3.60) < .0001***
  1. aFor the difference among groups of TV viewing time.
  2. *p < 0.05 (bolded); **p < 0.01 (bolded); ***p < 0.001 (bolded).
  3. BMI, body mass index; BP, Blood pressure; HDL, high density lipoprotein.