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Table 1 Distributions of sociodemographic characteristics according to status of TV viewing time stratified by gender

From: Association between television viewing and the risk of metabolic syndrome in a community-based population

  Men (n = 1144) Women (n = 1209)
  TV viewing time n (%)   TV viewing time n (%)  
Variables < 14 (n = 329) 14–20 (n = 343) > 20 (n = 472) p-valueb < 14 (n = 342) 14–20 (n = 306) > 20 (n = 561) p-valueb
Age (yrs) a 56.08(0.82) 57.47(0.80) 61.15(0.68) < .0001*** 53.06(0.69) 54.46(0.73) 57.01(0.54) < .0001***
Education Level     0.0027**     < .0001***
   < 9 88(26.75) 92(26.82) 149(31.57)   120(35.09) 131(42.81) 280(49.91)  
   9–12 141(42.86) 167(48.69) 236(50.00)   152(44.44) 129(42.16) 237(42.25)  
   > 12 100(30.40) 84(24.49) 87(18.43)   70(20.47) 46(15.03) 44(7.84)  
Marriage status     0.6908     0.6338
   married 286(86.93) 305(88.92) 418(88.56)   259(75.73) 241(78.76) 429(76.47)  
   others 43(13.07) 38(11.08) 54(11.44)   83(24.27) 65(21.24) 132(23.53)  
Household income (Taiwanese dollars/month)     0.0042**     0.0002***
   <40,000 144(43.77) 155(45.19) 260(55.08)   154(45.03) 143(46.73) 304(54.19)  
40,000–100,000 136(41.34) 147(42.86) 170(36.02)   138(40.35) 134(43.79) 224(39.93)  
   > 100,000 49(14.89) 41(11.95) 42(8.90)   50(14.62) 29(9.48) 33(5.88)  
Smoking     0.0007***     0.3452
   never 184(55.93) 171(49.85) 197(41.74)   327(95.61) 296(96.73) 529(94.30)  
   former 59(17.93) 71(20.70) 132(27.97)   2(0.58) 3(0.98) 10(1.78)  
   current 86(26.14) 101(29.45) 143(30.30)   13(3.80) 7(2.29) 22(3.92)  
Drinking     0.0536     0.6475
   never 190(57.75) 188(54.81) 241(51.96)   302(88.30) 274(89.54) 496(88.41)  
   former 36(10.94) 35(10.20) 37(7.84)   5(1.46) 1(0.33) 8(1.43)  
   current 103(31.31) 120(34.99) 194(41.10)   35(10.23) 31(10.13) 57(10.16)  
Adjusted carbohydrate intake     0.6862     0.3142
   moderate 4(1.22) 3(0.87) 3(0.64)   6(1.75) 6(1.96) 18(3.21)  
   high 325(98.78) 340(99.13) 469(99.36)   336(98.25) 300(98.04) 543(96.79)  
Leisure-time activity (MET-hour/week)     0.7134     0.5496
   < 19.5 210(63.83) 209(60.93) 298(63.14)   229(66.96) 217(70.92) 388(69.16)  
   ≥ 19.5 ≤ 119(36.17) 134(39.07) 174(36.86)   113(33.04) 89(29.08) 173(30.84)  
Occupational activity (MET-hour/week)     < .0001***     0.0004***
   < 40 97(29.48) 102(29.74) 208(44.07)   89(26.02) 67(21.90) 191(34.05)  
   40–83 124(37.69) 115(33.53) 124(26.27)   138(40.35) 116(37.91) 169(30.12)  
   > 83 108(32.83) 126(36.73) 140(29.66)   115(33.63) 123(40.20) 201(35.83)  
Total activity status (MET-hour/week)     < .0001***     0.1689
   0–54 90(27.36) 105(30.61) 200(42.37)   98(28.65) 86(28.10) 192(34.22)  
   54–103.3 120(36.47) 105(30.61) 137(29.03)   128(37.43) 103(33.66) 188(33.51)  
   103.3 < 119(36.17) 133(38.78) 135(28.60)   116(33.92) 117(38.24) 181(32.26)  
  1. aValues are expressed as means (standard deviation).
  2. bFor the difference among groups of TV viewing time.
  3. *p < 0.05 (bolded);**p < 0.01 (bolded);***p < 0.001 (bolded)
  4. MET, metabolic equivalent.