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Table 1 Age-and sex-adjusted means and prevalences of educational level and cardiovascular risk factors by cardiovascular event status

From: C-reactive protein, established risk factors and social inequalities in cardiovascular disease – the significance of absolute versus relative measures of disease

  Cardiovascular event‡ No cardiovascular event
  (n = 196) (n = 4,072)
Age, years 60.5* 57.1
Male (%) 59.3* 39.9
Current smoking (%) 40.1* 22.1
Former smoking (%) 31.0 34.3
Hyperlipidemia (%)† 55.1* 46.4
Hypertension (%)† 62.8* 39.3
CRP above 3 mg/L (%) 33.0* 22.4
Diabetes mellitus (%) 12.5* 4.6
Educational level   
   8 years or less 59.8* 46.7
   9 to 12 years 30.7 34.2
   13 years or more 8.6* 18.9
  1. * P-values are given for the difference in risk factor levels between those with and those without a cardiovascular event; *p < 0.05.
  2. † Hyperlipidemia is defined as use of medication against hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia (total-cholesterol > 6.5 mmol/L) and/or hypertriglyceridemia defined as triglycerides > 2.3 mmol/L; Hypertension was defined as systolic bloodpressure of 160 mm Hg or more, a diastolic bloodpressure of 90 mm Hg or more, or self-reported use of antihypertensive medication.
  3. ‡ A cardiovascular event was defined as first coronary event or first stroke, whichever came first.