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Table 3 Risk factors associated with undiagnosed diabetes in the Tehranian adults.

From: High prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and abnormal glucose tolerance in the Iranian urban population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

Variables Men Women
  Odds ratioa 95%CI Odds ratioa 95%CI
Family history of diabetes (yes) 1.7b 1.2–2.3 1.8 1.4–2.3
Blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg 2.5 1.8–3.4 1.9 1.5–2.6
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 4.1 2.7–6.1 2.7 1.8–4.0
Waist circumference (cm) men: >102, women: >88 2.7 1.9–3.8 2.9 2.1–4.1
Low leisure time physical activity 0.82 0.5–1.5 1.0 0.7–1.6
Triglycerides > 2.8 mmol/l 2.4 1.8–3.3 2.8 2.2–3.7
HDL-C< 0.9 mmol/l 1.1 0.8–1.4 1.6 1.3–2.1
  1. a: Odds ratio (95% confidence interval): age-adjusted univariate logistic regression analysis.
  2. b: all p values <0.05 except for low leisure time physical activity in both gender and HDL-C in men. BMI: body mass index, CI: confidence interval, HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.