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Table 3 Effects of number of peer education sessions attended on sexual behavior and reproductive tract infections

From: Impact of five years of peer-mediated interventions on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya

  One to three peer education sessions in past six months Four or more peer education sessions in past six months AOR** (95%CI)
UNPROTECTED SEX    
Total years in sex work, mean (sd) 5.9 (4.4) 6.4 (5.7) -
≤ 4 sexual partners in past week 53% (39/74) 30% (21/71) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
≤ 4 one-time clients in past week§ 34% (23/68) 17% (10/58) 0.4 (0.1–1.0)
Used a condom with last client 89% (66/74) 99% (70/71) 7.2 (0.8–64.4)
Always used a condom with clients 80% (59/74) 93% (66/71) 3.3 (1.0–10.8)
Always used a condom with boyfriend/husband 20% (10/50) 35% (14/40) 1.9 (0.7–5.7)
SEX WORKER EMPOWERMENT    
Own idea to use the condom at last sex 92% (61/66) 97% (68/70) 2.9 (0.5–18.4)
Provided the condom at last sex herself 79% (52/66) 76% (53/70) 0.6 (0.3–1.6)
HIV-related knowledge and attitudes    
   Thinks a client might be HIV-infected 28% (21/74) 35% (25/71) 1.8 (0.8–4.0)
   Knows people with HIV can look healthy 97% (72/74) 97% (69/71) 1.5 (0.1–15.8)
   Mentions advantage to knowing HIV status 97% (72/74) 99% (70/71) 0.4 (0.01–11.1)
   Knows ≥ 2 symptoms of STI in women 77% (57/74) 82% (58/71) 1.1 (0.4–2.6)
   Cited ≥ 2 ways to prevent STI 33% (25/74) 61% (43/71) 3.9 (1.8–8.7)
Ever refused client unwilling to use condoms 85% (63/74) 82% (58/71) 1.2 (0.4–3.3)
TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY    
Awareness of own HIV status 43% (32/74) 46% (33/71) 1.2 (0.5–2.4)
Self reported history of RTI in past year    
   Excessive or foul smelling vaginal discharge 47% (35/74) 39% (28/71) 0.7 (0.3–1.4)
   Genital ulcer 20% (15/74) 13% (9/71) 0.7 (0.2–1.9)
RTI prevalence    
   Syphilis infection 1% (1/73) 0% (0/69) -
   Gonorrhoeal infection 1% (1/73) 0% (0/69) -
   Trichomonas vaginalis infection 19% (14/73) 14% (10/69) 0.8 (0.3–2.3)
   Bacterial vaginosis infection 42% (28/66) 44% (28/63) 1.3 (0.6–2.9)
   Candida infection 29% (21/73) 23% (16/70) 1.1 (0.5–2.6)
  1. Notes to Table 3:
  2. RTI reproductive-tract infection. Cells contain %, n/N unless indicated.
  3. ^Sexual partners are classified: boyfriend/husband, regular clients and one-time clients
  4. §Among those women having had a one-time client in the past week
  5. Among those women who reported having a boyfriend/husband
  6. **AOR, odds ratio adjusted for age, marital status, education and place of work. Logistic regression was used to calculate AOR.