Skip to main content

Table 4 Major Birth Defects* among French PGWV's Children Born after the Mission (N = 5,183)

From: Reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes among French gulf war veterans

  Children born in All children
  1991–1992 1993–2001 Total Rate (p.10,000) [95%CI]
Any major birth defect 21 119 140 270.1 [227.2–318.7]
Central nervous system 2 4 6 11.6 [4.2–25.2]
   Neural tube defects 1 2 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
   Hydrocephalus 0 1 1 1.9 [0.1–10.8]
   Other malformation of central nervous system 1 1 2 3.9 [0.5–13.9]
Eye, ear, face and neck 1 8 9 17.4 [7.9–33.0]
   Eye 1 3 4 7.7 [2.1–19.8]
   Ear 0 2 2 3.9 [0.5–13.9]
   Other malformation of eye, ear, face, nose 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
Circulatory system 2 13 15 28.9 [16.2–47.7]
   Congenital malformation of heart 0 12 12 23.2 [12.0–40.4]
   Other malformation of circulatory system 2 1 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
Respiratory system 1 2 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
Cleft lip/palate 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
Digestive system 3 10 13 25.1 [13.4–42.9]
   TOF and other malformations of large intest., rectum, anal canal 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
   Other malformation of digestive system 3 7 10 19.3 [9.3–35.5]
Genital system 2 8 10 19.3 [9.3–35.5]
Urinary system 2 16 18 34.7 [20.6–54.9]
   Renal anomalies 0 7 7 13.5 [5.4–27.8]
   Urinary tract anomalies 2 9 11 21.2 [10.6–38.0]
Musculoskeletal system 4 20 24 46.3 [29.7–68.9]
   Limb reduction 0 2 2 3.9 [0.5–13.9]
   Polydactyly and syndactyly 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
   Other limb malformation 1 11 12 23.2 [12.0–40.4]
   Anomalies of diaphragm, exomphalus, gastrochisis 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
   Other musculoskeletal anomalies 3 3 6 11.6 [4.2–25.2]
Other specific non-chromosomal syndromes 2 7 9 17.4 [7.9–33.0]
   Specified syndromes (non-chromosomal) 0 3 3 5.8 [1.2–16.9]
   Other non-chromosomal malformations 2 4 6 11.6 [4.2–25.2]
Chromosomal 2 12 14 27 [14.8–45.3]
   Down syndrome 2 4 6 11.6 [4.2–25.2]
   Other chromosomal 0 8 8 15.4 [6.7–30.4]
  1. * excluded: minor or unspecified anomalies of ear, undescended testes, unspecified congenital deformity of hip, unspecified congenital deformity of feet, naevus