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Table 5 Percentages of respondents rating likely causes for the disorder described in the vignette.

From: Age differences in mental health literacy

  Depression Vignette Schizophrenia Vignette
Age 18–24
n = 96
25–39
n = 293
40–54
n = 250
55–69
n = 213
70+
n = 149
18–24
n = 102
25–39
n = 246
40–54
n = 296
55–69
n = 215
70+
n = 138
Virus or infection 45.1 50.9 50.0 52.0 58.8 37.5 31.8 34.0 31.5 38.8
Allergy 40.6 45.6 43.8 49.4 55.5 24.0 34.1 33.5 35.5 37.1
Day-to-day problems 97.9 97.7 96.8 97.0 96.8 97.4 88.0 91.4 88.0 87.6
Recent death of close friend/relative 97.7 97.1 97.0 96.2 91.8 95.0 88.3 88.6 85.4 80.9
Recent trauma 89.5 93.5 96.7 95.6 93.1 90.6 85.8 88.9 87.3 81.3
Childhood problems 93.9 93.1 92.7 92.5 87.6 97.1 92.6 90.5 91.0 85.6
Genetic 60.1 75.0 69.7 68.3 71.8 68.8 73.9 77.2 68.5 74.6
Nervousness 63.6 68.4 68.8 71.6 71.1 58.9 60.1 59.9 59.7 66.0
Weakness of character 42.2 41.7 42.9 42.4 57.4 44.9 37.9 38.4 35.1 57.5
  1. Note: Bolded results indicate a significant difference between age groups (p < .001) with a minimum effect size of Cohen's h = .50. Italicised results indicate a significant difference between age groups (p < .001), but without a minimum effect size of .50.