Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in population-based studies from Asia and Australia

From: Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in population-based studies: Systematic review

    Prevalence of CKD
Author [ref.] year Country Study population, study design, number of participants, response, age, gender MDRD equation CG/BSA equation
Chadban et al. [36] 2003 Australia Randomly selected participants of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab), cross-sectional survey, N = 11247, response 89.1%, aged 25 ≥ yrs., gender NR. NR    Overall: 11.2%
Men: 9.3%, Women: 13.0%
  
       Age (yrs.) Men Women
       25–44 - 0
       45–64 1.8% 3.2%
       65+ 51.8% 57.2%
Chen et al. [37] 2005 China Participants of the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA), random sample, cross-sectional study, N = 15540, response 83.3%, aged 35–74 yrs., 48.5% males. Overall: 2.5%
Men: 1.3%, Women: 3.8%
   Overall: 20.4%   
    Age (yrs.) Men Women    
    35–44 0.2% 1.2%    
    45–54 0.7% 2.7%    
    55–64 1.6% 6.4%    
    65–74 5.8% 10.4%    
Domrongkitchaiporn et al. [38] 2005 Thailand Participants of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) study, employees sample, cross-sectional study, N = 2967, response NR, aged 35–55 yrs., 76% males. Overall: 6.8% NR     
Konta et al. [39] 2006 Japan Participants of the Molecular Epidemiological Study, cross-sectional survey, N = 2321, response NR, aged > 40 yrs. (mean age: 64 yrs.), 44:5% males. NR    Overall: 28.8%   
Li et al. [40] 2006 China Participants from residents in a district of a large city, cross-sectional survey, N = 2310, response NR, aged ≥ 40 yrs., 49.5% males. Overall: 4.9%
Men: 4.8%, Women: 5.0%
   NR   
    Age (yrs.) Men Women    
    40–49 0 0.4%    
    50–59 1.5% 2.5%    
    60–69 4.4% 5.8%    
    70+ 10.6% 12.9%    
McDonald et al. [41] 2003 Australia Participants from a costal aboriginal community, cross-sectional study, N = 237, response NR, aged ≥ 18 yrs., 133 males. Overall: 12%    NR   
Ninomiya et al. [42] 2005 Japan Participants from study of Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Diseases, prospective cohort study, N = 2634, response 80.7%, aged ≥ 40 yrs., 42.1% males. Overall: 10.3%
Men: 5.3%, Women: 13.8%
   NR   
Shankar et al. [43] 2006 Singa pore Participants from private census, cross-sectional study, N = 4898, response 81.1%, aged 43–86 yrs. (mean age: 62.3 yrs.), 44% males. Overall: 6.6%
Men: 7.1%, Women: 6.2%
   NR   
    Age (yrs.)      
    43–59 1.8%     
    60–69 6.5%     
    70–79 11.5%     
    80+ 21.8%     
  1. MDRD: simplified equation of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study.
  2. CG/BSA: Cockcroft-Gault formula adjusted by Body Surface Area.
  3. GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate.
  4. NR: Not reported.