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Table 4 Odds ratios for each category of exposure and the association with EPTB.

From: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, and foreign birth in North Carolina, 1993 – 2006

  HIV Uninfected HIV Infected
Race/ethnicity, Region N (%) Crude OR (95% CI)* Adj. OR (95% CI)* N (%) Crude OR (95% CI)* Adj. OR (95% CI)*
United States White 696 (17.7) Referent Referent 43 (1.1) 2.36 (1.17, 4.76) 1.04 (0.38, 2.79)
United States Black 1,638 (41.7) 1.67 (1.31, 2.13) 1.84 (1.42, 2.39) 419 (10.7) 1.89 (1.38, 2.58) 2.60 (1.83, 3.71)
United States Hispanic 65 (1.7) 1.24 (0.63, 2.46) 1.18 (0.56, 2.48) 7 (0.2) 4.58 (1.01, 20.76) 3.30 (0.54, 20.19)
United States Other 40 (1.0) 1.08 (0.44, 2.63) 1.13 (0.45, 2.83) 2 (0.1) n/a n/a
Africa 123 (3.1) 3.28 (2.14, 5.03) 2.28 (1.45, 3.59) 21 (0.5) 1.44 (0.47, 4.36) 0.97 (0.32, 3.00)
Americas 482 (12.3) 1.72 (1.27, 2.33) 1.36 (0.97, 1.91) 64 (1.6) 5.73 (3.36, 9.79) 5.12 (2.84, 9.23)
East Asia 79 (2.0) 2.36 (1.38, 4.03) 1.62 (0.93, 2.80) 0 (0.0) n/a n/a
Europe/Middle East 28 (0.7) 4.58 (2.10, 9.97) 3.38 (1.47, 7.76) 0 (0.0) n/a n/a
India 75 (1.9) 7.77 (4.69, 12.85) 5.09 (3.01, 8.60) 0 (0.0) n/a n/a
Southeast Asia 147 (3.7) 3.98 (2.68, 5.90) 2.88 (1.90, 4.37) 2 (0.1) 6.10 (0.38, 98.36) n/a
  1. * OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; Adj., adjusted for year, age, sex, injecting drug use, and alcohol use.
  2. Includes Asian, Pacific Islander, Alaskan Native, and American Indian.
  3. Cell counts too small to calculate association