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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics by disease site*.

From: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, and foreign birth in North Carolina, 1993 – 2006

Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics All TB cases (%) N = 6,124 EPTB (%) N = 1,366 PTB (%) N = 4,758
Verification    
   Laboratory 5,143 (84.0) 1.057 (77.4) 4,086 (85.9)
   Clinically 742 (12.1) 163 (11.9) 579 (12.2)
   Provider diagnosis 239 (3.9) 146 (10.7) 93 (2.0)
HIV status    
   Positive 563 (9.2) 151 (11.1) 412 (8.7)
   Negative 3,388 (55.3) 757 (55.4) 2,631 (55.3)
   Not tested 2,173 (35.5) 458 (33.5) 1,715 (36.0)
Foreign-birth status    
   Foreign 1,299 (21.2) 402 (29.4) 897 (18.9)
   United States 4,821 (78.7) 964 (70.6) 3,857 (81.1)
   Missing 4 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.1)
Sex    
   Female 2,123 (34.7) 633 (46.3) 1,490 (31.3)
   Male 4,001 (65.3) 733 (53.7) 3,268 (68.7)
Time in US    
   0 – 1 years 384 (29.6) 84 (20.9) 300 (33.4)
   2 – 5 years 446 (34.3) 136 (33.8) 310 (34.6)
   >5 years 443 (34.1) 174 (43.3) 269 (30.0)
   Missing 26 (2.0) 8 (2.0) 18 (2.0)
Age (years)    
   0 – 4 150 (2.5) 29 (2.1) 121 (2.5)
   5 – 14 136 (2.2) 33 (2.4) 103 (2.2)
   15 – 24 422 (6.9) 112 (8.2) 310 (6.5)
   25 – 44 1,872 (30.6) 459 (33.6) 1,413 (29.7)
   45 – 64 1,753 (28.6) 334 (24.5) 1,419 (29.8)
   65+ 1,790 (39.23) 399 (29,2) 1,391 (29.2)
   Missing 1 (0.0)   1 (0.0)
Previous TB disease    
   Yes 334 (5.5) 70 (5.1) 264 (5.6)
   No 5,783 (94.4) 1,293 (94.7) 4,490 (94.4)
   Missing 7 (0.1) 3 (0.2) 4 (0.1)
Homeless    
   Yes 410 (6.7) 35 (2.6) 375 (7.9)
   No 5,681 (92.8) 1,321 (96.7) 4,360 (91.6)
   Missing 33 (0.5) 10 (0.7) 23 (0.5)
Drug use (injecting)    
   Yes 98 (1.6) 16 (1.2) 82 (1.7)
   No 5,255 (85.8) 1,205 (88.2) 4,050 (85.1)
   Missing 771 (12.6) 145 (10.6) 626 (13.2)
Drug use (non-injecting)    
   Yes 580 (9.5) 71 (5.2) 509 (10.7)
   No 4,785 (78.1) 1,150 (84.2) 3,635 (76.4)
   Missing 759 (12.4) 145 (10.6) 614 (12.9)
Excess alcohol use    
   Yes 1,255 (20.5) 124 (9.1) 1,131 (23.8)
   No 4,137 (67.6) 1,104 (80.8) 3,033 (63.8)
   Missing 732 (12.0) 138 (10.1) 594 (12.5)
  1. * Excluding 292 (4.6%) with concomitant pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease.
  2. Laboratory: positive M. tuberculosis culture or positive acid-fast stain; Clinical: positive tuberculin skin test, signs and symptoms consistent with TB, treatment with TB medication, and a completed diagnostic evaluation; Provider: cases that do not meet the laboratory or clinical case definition, but have a clinical picture consistent with TB.
  3. Time in US prior to diagnosis among foreign born cases (n = 1,299).