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Table 1 Social and demographic indicators and differences between children with and without problems identified by four scoring methods

From: A comparison of four scoring methods based on the parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as used in the Dutch preventive child health care system

   SDQ TDS $ Parent-defined difficulties High sub- scale/impairment Combination of these three scores $
Total (n = 707) % (n) % % % %
Elevated score   9.8 8.2 6.4 13.6
Gender child   ns * ns **
Boy 49 (345) 11.9 10.7 7.5 17.7
Girl 51 (362) 7.7 5.8 5.2 9.7
Age of the child#   ns ns ns Ns
7 years 11 (75) 4.0 1.3 1.3 5.3
8 years 7 (53) 11.3 15.1 5.7 20.8
9 years 28 (198) 10.6 9.6 7.1 14.1
10 years 22 (159) 10.1 8.2 5.7 14.5
11 years 23 (161) 10.6 6.2 7.5 12.4
12 years 9 (61) 9.8 11.5 9.8 16.4
Ethnic background   ns ns ns ns
Netherlands or other industrialised country 83 (589) 9.2 8.0 6.6 13.2
Non-industrialised country 7 (46) 15.2 10.9 6.5 17.4
Unknown 10 (72) 11.1 8.3 4.2 13.9
Family situation   ns ns ns nS
Two parents 86 (607) 9.1 8.1 5.6 13.0
One parent 10 (73) 16.4 9.6 12.3 19.2
Unknown 3 (27) 11.1 11.1 11.1 16.7
Parenting situation   ns * * ns
2 biological parents 81 (574) 8.7 7.1 5.2 12.2
1 biological parent 14 (99) 16.2 13.1 11.1 21.2
Other/unknown 5 (34) 8.8 11.8 11.8 14.7
Work situation   * ns ** ns
No job 3 (22) 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.6
One full-time job 30 (212) 8.0 9.0 3.8 12.3
One part-time job 4 (27) 7.4 0.0 3.7 7.4
One full-time + one part-time job 42 (298) 9.1 7.0 6.4 12.8
Both part-time 8 (60) 5.0 10.0 3.3 13.3
Both full-time 3 (18) 11.1 5.6 0.0 11.1
Unknown 10 (70) 21.4 11.4 17.1 24.3
Education   * ns ns *
(None) elementary school 3 (19) 21.1 15.8 0.0 31.6
Lower education 25 (178) 12.9 8.4 7.3 16.9
Medium education 32 (228) 10.1 8.8 5.7 13.6
Higher education 33 (236) 5.5 6.8 5.9 9.3
Unknown 6 (46) 13.0 8.7 10.9 15.2
  1. * Chi Square: = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001.
  2. $ Using an adapted Clinical SDQ cut-off; ≥ 14.
  3. # The categorical variable was used: there were also no significant differences in mean age.
  4. ns Not significant